COVID-19: Essential Information

C.2. Threat Assessment and Response Policy

I. Introduction & Purpose

Middlebury is committed to maintaining campus and workplace environments that are safe and secure for all students, staff, faculty, and visitors. As part of this commitment, Middlebury has established two Threat Assessment and Management Teams (“TAM”), which are empowered to assess risk and, in cooperation with other Middlebury teams or offices as appropriate, formulate an appropriate response in situations where an individual’s behavior and/or statements indicate they may present a threat to the health or safety of others.  The Vermont TAM is responsible for all the programs based in Vermont and elsewhere except that the Institute TAM is responsible for the Middlebury Institute of International Studies.  The TAMs seek to mitigate potential risks before they result in harm.

Nothing in this policy shall be construed to alter or amend other applicable Middlebury policies.

II. Threat Assessment Team

The Chief Risk Officer appoints the members of the Vermont TAM and names its chair, and appoints new or different team members as necessary; the VPAA/Dean of the Institute appoints the members of the Institute TAM.  Each TAM is advisory and makes recommendations to the appropriate office in the programs for which it is responsible. 

The Vermont TAM is chaired by the Director of Public Safety, and ordinarily consists of representatives (or their designees) from the Department of Public Safety, Academic Affairs, Vice President for Student Affairs and Dean of the College Office, Office of the Chief Risk Officer, Human Resources, and a clinical psychologist from the Parton Center for Health and Wellness. 

The Institute TAM is co-chaired by the Associate Dean of Student Services and the Executive Assistant to the Vice President.  Ordinarily, the Institute TAM consists of representatives from Advising, Career, Student Services, Human Resources, Information Technology Services, Communications, the Institute campus security, and the VP’s office.  

Vermont TAM





Lisa Burchard

Special Projects / Public Safety


Dan Gaiotti

Keith Ellery

Interim Dir. of Public Safety

Assoc. Dir. of Public Safety



Sujata Moorti

VP for Academic Affairs & Dean of Faculty


Smita Ruzicka

VP for Student Affairs


Mike Thomas

Chief Risk Officer


Laura Carotenuto 

Asst. VP of HR for Central Administration


Barbara McCall

Exec. Dir., Health and Counseling Services



California TAM





Ashley Arrocha

Co-Chair, Associate Dean of Student Services


Barbara Burke 

Co-Chair, Executive Assistant to the Vice President


Betcie Daniels

Campus Security Manager


Eva GudbergsdottirAssociate Director of


Michael Ulibarri

Senior Business Partner



Middlebury’s General Counsel serves as an adviser to both TAMs, and is expected to attend regular as well as ad hoc meetings.

Members of the TAM are identified by name and position here and in other Middlebury publications, as appropriate. Other Middlebury personnel and outside resources with relevant areas of specialization and responsibility may be called upon to assist the TAM, including but not limited to Commons deans, supervisors, law enforcement agencies, medical personnel, or other outside experts.  Both TAM teams follow these Guidelines. The Office of the President will be kept apprised of the Team’s work as appropriate.

III. Reporting Potential Threats  

Anyone who believes that an individual has committed or may commit an act of violence, or otherwise may pose a threat to the health or safety of any member of the Middlebury community should call the Department of Public Safety immediately at 802.443.5911 at Middlebury College or Campus Security at 831-647-4153 at the Middlebury InstituteIn case of an emergency, please dial 911.

The Chair of a TAM will assess the reported information and determine whether to convene the TAM.

In cases where an assessment indicates that the threat is to self only, the matter will be referred to the appropriate Middlebury official (e.g., student matters will be referred to the appropriate student life resources; staff matters will be referred to Human Resources; and faculty matters will be referred to the appropriate vice president for the program).  In cases where available information suggests that a person may pose a threat to self and others, the TAM will ordinarily be convened and will involve the other officials listed here as appropriate. In cases where a referral is made, the TAM may be re-involved as necessary and appropriate.

IV. Confidentiality

All reports under this policy will be handled in a sensitive manner. Information will be shared with others only to the extent necessary to assess and manage the situation and in accordance with state and federal law. 

In general, the law recognizes and protects the confidentiality of communications between a person seeking care and a medical or mental health professional or religious adviser. The medical, mental health, and religious professionals at Middlebury respect and protect confidential communications from students, faculty, and staff to the extent that they are legally able to do so. One of these professionals may have to breach a confidence, however, when he or she perceives a serious risk of danger to another person or property.

Middlebury and its campuses are also part of larger communities. If there is an independent investigation or lawsuit relating to an act of violence or a potential threat, those involved or others may be required by law to provide documents, testimony, or other information.

V. Retaliation

Retaliating directly or indirectly against a person who has in good faith made a report under this policy or who has supported or participated in an investigation is prohibited. Retaliation includes but is not limited to ostracizing the person, pressuring the person to drop the report or not participate in the investigation, or to provide false or misleading information, or engaging in conduct that may reasonably be perceived to affect adversely that person’s educational, living, or work environment. Depending on the circumstances, retaliation may be unlawful, whether or not the report is ultimately found to have merit. An individual who engages in retaliation under this policy will be subject to discipline in accordance with Middlebury-wide policies and the policies applicable to the program at issue.