Erik Bleich

Charles A. Dana Professor of Political Science

 
 work(802) 443-3254
 fax(802) 443-3216
 Monday 1:30 - 3:00; Wednesday 1:30 - 3:00 and by appointment
 Munroe Hall 104

Erik Bleich joined the Political Science department in the fall of 1999. He has served as Director of European Studies and Director of International Politics & Economics and is currently Charles A. Dana Professor of Political Science.

His most recent book, The Freedom to Be Racist? How the United States and Europe Struggle to Preserve Freedom and Combat Racism (Oxford University Press, 2011), explores how the United States and European liberal democracies balance a desire to promote freedom with the goal of curbing racism, focusing on hard cases in which people use liberal democratic freedoms to propagate racism.

His broader research interests revolve around the topics of race and ethnicity in West European politics. His first book, Race Politics in Britain and France: Ideas and Policymaking since the 1960s (Cambridge University Press, 2003) examines how theories of ideas and policymaking help explain different race policy outcomes in the two countries. Since that time, he has published on topics such as hate crimes, political violence, the status of Muslims, the concept of Islamophobia, ethnic riots, theories of immigration and integration, and the legacies of colonial history on contemporary policymaking. His articles have appeared in journals such as World Politics, Comparative Political Studies, Comparative Politics, the European Political Science Review, Social Forces, and Theory & Society. He has also edited and contributed to the book Muslims and the State in the Post-9/11 West (Routledge, 2010) and co-edited and contributed to the book Migrants, Minorities and the Media: Information, Representations and Participation in the Public Sphere (Routledge 2017).

 

Courses

Course List: 

Faculty Expert Profile

Erik Bleich Faculty Expert Profile

Books and Edited Volumes

Migrants, Minorities, and the Media: Information, Representations, and Participation in the Public Sphere, editor, with Irene Bloemraad and Els de Graauw, Routledge, 2017; also published as a special issue of the Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies, 41, 6, 2015

Punir la haine?, editor, with Charles Girard; special issue of Esprit, October 2015

The Freedom to Be Racist? How the United States and Europe Struggle to Preserve Freedom and Combat Racism, Oxford University Press, 2011

Muslims and the State in the Post-9/11 West, editor, Routledge, 2010; also published as the March 2009 special issue of the Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies

Race Politics in Britain and France: Ideas and Policymaking since the 1960s, Cambridge University Press, 2003

Refereed Journal Articles

“Historical Institutionalism and Judicial Decision-Making: Ideas, Institutions, and Actors in French High Court Hate Speech Rulings,” forthcoming in World Politics

“The Effect of Terrorist Events on Media Portrayals of Islam and Muslims: Evidence from New York Times Headlines, 1985-2013,” with Hasher Nisar and Rana Abdelhamid, Ethnic and Racial Studies, 39, 7, 2016: 1109-27, DOI: 10.1080/01419870.2015.1103886

“Introduction: Migrants, Minorities, and the Media: Information, Representations, and Participation in the Public Sphere,” with Irene Bloemraad and Els de Graauw, Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies, 41, 6, 2015: 857-73

“Media Portrayals of Minorities: Muslims in British Newspaper Headlines, 2001-2012”, with Hannah Stonebraker, Hasher Nisar and Rana Abdelhamid, Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies, 2015, 41, 6, 2015: 942-62

“What Makes Muslims Feel French?” with Rahsaan Maxwell, Social Forces, 93, 1, 2014: 155-79. Winner, Association for the Sociology of Religion’s Distinguished Article Award

" Explaining Differences between High Court Regulations in the USA and EuropeFreedom of Expression versus Racist Hate Speech: Explaining Differences between High Court Regulations in the USA and Europe," Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies, 40, 2, 2014: 283-300

 Evidence from 10 Liberal DemocraciesWhy Racist Associations Are Free in Some States and Banned in Others: Evidence from 10 Liberal Democracies,” with Francesca Lambert, West European Politics, 36, 1, 2013: 122-49

What Is Islamophobia, and How Much Is There? Theorizing and Measuring an Emerging Comparative ConceptWhat Is Islamophobia, and How Much Is There? Theorizing and Measuring an Emerging Comparative Concept,” American Behavioral Scientist, 55, December 2011: 1581-1600

The Rise of Hate Speech and Hate Crime Laws in Liberal DemocraciesThe Rise of Hate Speech and Hate Crime Laws in Liberal Democracies,” Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies, 37, 6, July 2011: 917-34

"Social Research and 'Race' Policy Framing in Britain and FranceSocial Research and 'Race' Policy Framing in Britain and France," British Journal of Politics and International Relations, 13, 1, January 2011: 59-74

" Evidence from Western EuropeState Responses to 'Ethnic Riots' in Liberal Democracies: Evidence from Western Europe," with Carolina Caeiro and Sarah Luehrman, European Political Science Review, 2, 2, July 2010: 269-95

"Where do Muslims Stand on Ethno-Racial Hierarchies in Britain and France?  Evidence from Public Opinion Surveys, 1988-2008Where do Muslims Stand on Ethno-Racial Hierarchies in Britain and France? Evidence from Public Opinion Surveys, 1988-2008," Patterns of Prejudice, 43, 3-4, July/September 2009: 379-400

"Muslims and the State in the Post-9/11 West:  IntroductionMuslims and the State in the Post-9/11 West: Introduction" Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies, 35, 3, March 2009: 353-60

"  A Comparison of Six West European CountriesState Responses to 'Muslim' Violence: A Comparison of Six West European Countries," Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies, 35, 3, March 2009: 361-79

Immigration and Integration Studies in Western Europe and the United States The Road Less Traveled and a Path AheadImmigration and Integration Studies in Western Europe and the United States:  The Road Less Traveled and a Path Ahead,” World Politics, 60, 3, April 2008: 509-38

 The Evolution of German Approaches to Measuring ‘Hate Crimes’Quantifying Hate: The Evolution of German Approaches to Measuring ‘Hate Crimes’,” with Ryan K. Hart, German Politics, 17, 1, March 2008: 63-80

" Responding to Racist Violence in Britain, Germany and FranceHate Crime Policy in Western Europe: Responding to Racist Violence in Britain, Germany and France," American Behavioral Scientist, 51, 2, October 2007: 149-65.

  Response to Tariq Modood and Randall HansenOn Democratic Integration and Free Speech: Response to Tariq Modood and Randall Hansen,” in Modood, Hansen, Bleich, O’Leary, & Carens, “The Danish Cartoon Affair: Free Speech, Racism, Islamism, and Integration,” International Migration 44, 5, December 2006: 3-62

 Norms, Lesson-Drawing, and the Introduction of Race-Conscious Measures in the 1976 British Race Relations ActInstitutional Continuity and Change: Norms, Lesson-Drawing, and the Introduction of Race-Conscious Measures in the 1976 British Race Relations Act,” Policy Studies, 27, 3, 2006: 219-34

The Legacies of History?  Colonization and Immigrant Integration in Britain and FranceThe Legacies of History? Colonization and Immigrant Integration in Britain and France,” Theory and Society 34, 2, April 2005: 171-95

 du déni à la lutteHistoire des politiques antidiscrimination: du déni à la lutteHommes & Migrations, no. 1245, septembre – octobre 2003 : 6-18

 Frames and Race Policies in Britain and FranceIntegrating Ideas into Policymaking Analysis: Frames and Race Policies in Britain and France,” Comparative Political Studies 35, 9, November 2002: 1054-76

 Politics and Policy in a ‘Color-Blind’ StateAntiracism without Races: Politics and Policy in a ‘Color-Blind’ State,” French Politics, Culture & Society 18, 3, Fall 2000: 48-74

 Educational Multiculturalism in England and FranceFrom International Ideas to Domestic Policies: Educational Multiculturalism in England and France,” Comparative Politics 31, 1, October 1998: 81-100

Book Chapters and Other Publications

“From Race to Hate: A Historical Perspective,” prepared for the volume Hate and the Liberal State, Thomas Brudholm and Birgitte Schepelern Johansen, eds., under contract with Oxford University Press

“L’avènement des lois contre les discours et les crimes de haine dans les démocraties libérales,” Raisons Politiques, 63, 3, August 2016: 35-49

“Deux poids, deux mesures? La justice française face aux discours islamophobes,” Esprit, October 2015

“Que faire des discours de haine en démocratie?” with Charles Girard, Esprit, October 2015

"Data Access, Research Transparency, and Interviews: The Interview Methods Appendix," with Robert Pekkanen, in Tim Büthe and Alan M. Jacobs, eds., Qualitative and Multi-Method Research, 13, 1, Spring 2015: 8-13

How to Report Interview DataHow to Report Interview Data,” with Robert Pekkanen, in Layna Mosley, ed., Interview Research in Political Science, Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 2013: 84-105

Free Speech or Hate Speech? The Danish Cartoon Controversy in the European Legal ContextFree Speech or Hate Speech? The Danish Cartoon Controversy in the European Legal Context," in Kavita Khory, ed., Global Migration: Challenges in the 21st Century, New York: Palgrave, 2012: 113-28

 De l’incompréhension mutuelle à la concertation?Les politiques de diversité raciale en France et en Grande-Bretagne: De l’incompréhension mutuelle à la concertation?" in James Cohen, Andrew J. Diamond, and Philippe Vervaecke, eds., L’Atlantique multiracial:. Discours, politiques dénis, Paris: Éditions Karthala, 2012: 181-203.

"Defining and Researching IslamophobiaDefining and Researching Islamophobia," Review of Middle East Studies, Winter 2012, 46, 2, 179-88

“France,” in David Samuels, ed., Case Studies in Comparative Politics, New York: Pearson, 2012: 114-49

 Where Do Muslims Really Stand?Assessing Islamophobia though Survey Evidence: Where Do Muslims Really Stand?” with Rahsaan Maxwell, in Marc Helbling, ed., Islamophobia in Western Europe and North America, London: Routledge, 2012: 39-55

"  British Policy Responses to 'Islamist' ExtremismFaith and State: British Policy Responses to 'Islamist' Extremism," in Roger Eatwell and Matthew Goodwin, eds., The New Extremism in 21st Century Britain, London: Routledge, 2010

"Responding to Racist Violence in Europe and the United StatesResponding to Racist Violence in Europe and the United States," in Joanna Goodey and Kauko Aromaa, eds., Hate Crime, Helsinki: HEUNI, 2008

 Race and Identity in France and the United StatesFrom Republican Citizens to ‘Young Ethnics’ in the ‘Other France’: Race and Identity in France and the United States,” French Politics, 6, 2008: 166-177

“Constructing Muslims as Ethno-Racial Outsiders in Western Europe,” Council for European Studies Newsletter, 36, 1/2, September 2006: 1, 3-7

Des colonies à la métropoleDes colonies à la métropole. Le poids de l’histoire sur l’intégration des immigrés en Grande-Bretagne et en France,” in Patrick Weil and Stéphane Dufoix, eds., L’esclavage, la colonisation, et après, Paris: Presses Universitaires de France, 2005

Racism and Racially Motivated AttacksRacism and Racially Motivated Attacks,” in Mathew J. Gibney and Randall Hansen, eds., Immigration and Asylum: From 1900 to the Present, Santa Barbara, CA: ABC-CLIO, 2005

“Antiracism without Races: Politics and Policy in a ‘Color-Blind’ State,” in Herrick Chapman and Laura Frader, eds., Race in France: Interdisciplinary Perspectives on the Politics of Difference, New York: Berghahn Books, 2004

 Color-Blind IntegrationThe French Model: Color-Blind Integration,” John David Skrentny, ed., Color Lines: Affirmative Action, Immigration and Civil Rights Options for America, University of Chicago Press, 2001

"Race Policy in France," Brookings U.S.-France Analysis Series, 2001, on line at http://www.brookings.edu/articles/2001/05france_bleich.aspx

Re-Imagined Communities? Education Policies and National Belonging in Britain and FranceRe-Imagined Communities? Education Policies and National Belonging in Britain and France,” in Adrian Favell and Andrew Geddes, eds., The Politics of Belonging: Migrants and Minorities in Contemporary Europe, Aldershot: Ashgate/ICCR, 1999: 60-75

Work In Progress

“Media Portrayals of Muslims: A Comparative Sentiment Analysis of American Newspapers, 1996-2015,” with Maurits van der Veen

“Leveraging: Maneuvering for Group Gain in Complex Environments,” with Kimberly Morgan

“Understanding Status Hierarchies Using Media Analysis: Muslims, Jews, and Catholics in New York Times and Guardian Headlines, 1985-2014,” with Hasher Nisar and Cara Vazquez

“Explaining Hate Speech Enforcement in the European Court of Human Rights,” with Sylvia al-Mateen

“National Identification among Muslim Adolescents in Europe: How (Un)Important Is Religiosity?” with Lars Leszczensky and Rahsaan Maxwell

“Media Portrayals of Minorities: Muslims in British Newspapers, 1985-2015,” with Maurits van der Veen

Research Projects

My current research is focused on two main topics. In a continuation of my work on the tensions between protecting freedom and fighting racism, I am examining French and European courts' decisions in hate speech cases, aiming to understand how real-world judges draw the line between legal and illegal speech.  I am also a co-PI on the three-year NSF project "Comparative Free Speech Jurisprudence," for which I am reviewing and coding European Court of Human Rights' free speech decisions as part of a collaborative effort to understand patterns of outcomes across multiple domestic and international jurisdictions.

In addition, I have conducted extensive research on portrayals of minorities in the media by coding headlines and full-text articles about Muslims and other groups since the mid-1980s. The first of a series of articles examining headlines was published as part of a co-edited 2015 special issue of the Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies. A second appeared in 2015 in Ethnic and Racial Studies. Additional articles are in progress, including ones with Maurits van der Veen that use computer-assisted techniques to code hundreds of thousands of full text articles.