Schedule

« Spring 2018 Summer 2018 Language Schools

FREN6525A-L18

CRN: 60173

Methodology:Literature
Textual Analysis Methodologies
Textual Analysis Methodologies

This course will help students master analytical and textual methodologies. These methodologies will allow students to read and comprehend texts in-depth, while developing their written analytical skills by performing methodological exercises such as summaries, technical explanations, close readings, argumentative dialectical essay, reading analyses or oral thematic presentations.

In these exercises, we will study tropes on the Other in literature, anthropology, sociology, and politics. What representation and images of travel, the foreign and the Other stem from the French reader’s perspective? Who is this Other? Etymologically “the one who is not here”, the Other can be the neighbour, the opposite sex, the foreigner -- whomever is different. What usage is made of such fluctuating representations? In a quest for travel and alterity through different texts spanning the 16th to the 21st centuries, we will explore the anthropological, sociological, political, stylistic, poetical, critical and ideological renewal of transcribed viewpoints of human identity and French clichés. To this end, we will study textual excerpts from different horizons, might they be geographical, political, sociological, anthropological or historical.

Required texts:
- Denis DIDEROT, Le Supplément au Voyage de Bougainville, ISBN: 2253138096
- Michel ONFRAY, La Théorie du Voyage, ISBN : 2253084417
- Tierno MONENEMBO, Le Roi de Kahel, ISBN : 9782757814611
Reading, Understanding, Writing Travel: Textual Analysis Methodologies

This course will help students master analytical and textual methodologies. These methodologies will allow students to read and comprehend texts in depth while developing their written analytical skills by performing methodological exercises such as summaries, technical explanations, close readings, argumentative dialectical essay, reading analyses or oral thematic presentations.
In these exercises, we will study tropes on the Other in literature, anthropology, sociology, and politics. What representation and images of travel, the foreign and the Other, stem from the French reader’s perspective? And who is this Other? Etymologically “the one who is not here”, the Other can be the neighbor, the opposite sex, the foreigner -- whoever is different. And what usage is made of such fluctuating representations? In a quest for travel and alterity through different texts spanning the 16th to the 21st centuries, we will explore the anthropological, sociological, political, stylistic, poetical, critical and ideological renewal of transcribed viewpoints of human identity and French clichés. To this end, we will study textual excerpts from different horizons might they be geographical, political, sociological, anthropological or historical.

Required texts:*Denis DIDEROT, /Le Supplément au Voyage de Bougainville/, ISBN: 2253138096
Michel ONFRAY, /La Théorie du Voyage/, ISBN : 2253084417
Tierno MONENEMBO, /Le Roi de Kahel/, ISBN : 9782757814611
Required Coursepack
A Coursepack will be available for purchase at the College bookstore

FREN6532A-L18

CRN: 60615

Intro: Teaching Methodologies
Introduction to Teaching Methodologies

The aim of this course is to instruct students in the various approaches and methods used to teach French and will introduce students to the principles and techniques of teaching in the French classroom.

The course will also provide an overview of the CECFR (Common European Framework of Reference for Languages). This flexible tool enables teachers to create targeted action-based activities and allows the evaluation of basic user (A1, A2), independent User (B1, B2) and proficient User (C1, C2) in language teaching.

We will study how to teach applied phonetics for English and Spanish native speakers as well as Arabic, Chinese, German, Italian and Portuguese native speakers.

FREN6604A-L18

CRN: 60616

Historical Phonetics of French
This course aims to provide an overview of the history of the phonetic system of the French language and the evolution of its spelling. More precisely, we’ll explore the laws that governed the phonetic transformations from Latin to contemporary French and the impact they have had on the morphology. To do this, we will discuss the basics of general phonetics and articulatory phonetics of contemporary French so that we can then focus on the study of the different phonetic changes to which vowels and consonants, among others, are subject.

No prior training in linguistics is required.

FREN6630A-L18

CRN: 60617

Language Teaching: Approaches
Language Teaching: Theoretical and Practical Approaches

Why do we teach the way we teach? How can we enlighten our teaching choices?

This course will first explore the question of teaching methodologies. How do we characterize a teaching methodology? We will study several teaching methodologies, and will learn when and where they were developed and put into practice. We will explore how to choose the best methodology for your class, and why you should be able to switch from one methodology to another within the same class. This will lead us to explore questions of:
- aims of language teaching: what should the learner be able to do upon completion of the class?
- theoretical models underlying descriptions of the language, explanations of how it works and language representations (both learner’s and teacher’s representation)
- pedagogical resources available for the teacher
- learning styles and pedagogical relationship
- political and educational language policy (institutional expectations evidenced by assessment practices, and the place and role of language teaching in curriculum, among other factors.)

FREN6633A-L18

CRN: 60619

Globalized France
The aim of the course is to give a broad historical view of the extension of France from the renaissance to the present time.

We will show that France cannot be reduced to its main territory, which is often called the Hexagon. France and its culture have spread throughout the world, due to the following four reasons:

1. The dark past of its colonial empire. France shared with England one of the most important colonial empires. France was present in America, Africa and South East Asia and in Oceania. In the post-colonial era, this was a basis for the organizing of the “francophonie”.
2. France’s cultural influence during the seventeenth and the eighteenth century, a time when Europe spoke French and was eager to imitate French art (painting, architecture, literature, etc.). France’s influence is still present today in Europe.
3. The French revolution and Napoleonic empire. France was then seen as a country of freedom and equality.
4. The role Paris played in the nineteenth and the twentieth century as a center for artists and musicians. This was called the school of Paris; Picasso, Stravinsky, Dali, Modigliani, etc. chose Paris as their capital. In the sixties, French theory influenced intellectuals all over the world.

Of course, we will show that culture is not a one-way ticket, but a give and take. France has declined as a world power but, due to its past, Africa, the Maghreb, Quebec and a large population coming from the former colonial empire play a deep role in rejuvenating French culture. We will show the benefit of this influence.

Required text:
- Patrick BOUCHERON, La France dans le monde, Le Seuil 2017, ISBN: 978-2021336290

FREN6641A-L18

CRN: 60620

Taste and Social Trends
It is very hard to define what taste is: a personal point of view as well as an aesthetic value in a society at a certain moment in time. Taste is often linked to the upper class, which distinguishes good taste from bad taste. P. Bourdieu considered taste as a means for the elite class to maintain its cultural power. Th. Weblen, the American sociologist, saw in taste a field of competition between classes and criticized taste as economic waste.

Taste is also a form of soft power. For a long time, France has dominated the rules of taste, fashion, gastronomy, decorative arts and fine arts. It has been the basis of one of the most powerful industries in France: le luxe. However, taste went through a deep revolution in the seventies and the eighties. In a postmodern society, taste changes very rapidly. It does not always come from the top but from all parts of society, especially from outsiders. In an era of globalization, taste is more and more multicultural, and it shows the changing pace of our society.

Studying taste is a way of understanding social changes. The aim of this course is to understand what taste is, the role it has played in our past since the renaissance, how it has evolved and the different changes over recent times.

We will follow a multi-disciplinary approach: historical, sociological, economic and geopolitical, which will provide a broad overview of this topic.

Required text:
- Guillaume ERNER,Sociologie des tendances, PUF 2009.
ISBN-13: 978-2130575139

FREN6697A-L18

CRN: 60623

Children's Lit: Text to Film
Children's Literature: From Text to Film

This literature course aims at studying two dominant forms in children’s literature: tales and adventure novels.

We will examine the discussions on the ambiguities of the educational goals of these fictions. Tales appear as the first literary form dedicated to children : we will study one of their most famous authors, Charles Perrault, and the way he appropriates popular traditions into society and well-learned culture, as well as a contemporary emblematic tale, Le Petit Prince. Adventure novels developed from the nineteenth century, and Jules Verne played an important role in shaping a new model of encyclopedic adventure fictions. We will analyze one of his late, more pessimistic short novel, L’Éternel Adam, and its meditation on history.

Our reflection will be based on these three works as well as excerpts from other fiction of the nineteenth and twentieth century. We will also analyze illustrations of children’s literature and we will debate on historical and literary essays. A special focus will be put on cinematographic adaptations of children’s literature : we will study a film every week, linked with a literary work.

Required texts:
- Charles PERRAULT, Contes, Paris, Belin-Gallimard, « ClassicoLycée », 2017, ISBN : 978-2-410-003777-2
- Jules VERNE, L’Éternel Adam, https://fr.wikisource.org/wiki/L’Éternel_Adam
- Antoine de SAINT-EXUPERY, Le Petit Prince, Paris, Gallimard, Folio n°3200, 1999, ISBN : 978-2-070-40850-4

FREN6710A-L18

CRN: 60621

Emmanuel Macron's France
Following the 2017 presidential election victory of Emmanuel Macron, one of the youngest political leaders in the democratic world, we will undertake a retrospective on this surprising event for France.

What are the political, cultural and social reasons for this unpredictable victory?
What are the constituting elements of "Macronism": a new type of leadership? a new way of governing? a new type of political organization?

What are the elements of continuity and change, as far as the Fifth Republic is concerned, to understand this political novelty?

Required texts:
- Pascal PERRINEAU, Le Vote disruptif, Les élections présidentielle et législatives d'avril-mai-juin 2017, Paris, Presses de Sciences Po, 2017, ISBN-13: 978-2724621655
- Philippe RAYNAUD, Emmanuel Macron, une Révolution bien tempérée, Paris, Desclée de Brouwer, 2018, ISBN-13: 978-2220094274

FREN6723A-L18

CRN: 60446

Writing Postcolonial Childhood
Writing Postcolonial Childhood

This course examines the genre of autobiography based on the classical works of Patrick Chamoiseau (Antan d’enfance), Dany Laferrière (L’odeur du café) and Camara Laye (L’enfant noir). The special forms of autobiography in twentieth century francophone literature of Africa and West Indies will be analyzed including identity questions, narrative forms and authors’ ideologies.

Required texts:
- Patrick CHAMOISEAU, Une enfance créole I. Antan d’enfance, Gallimard, Folio, 1996, ISBN-13: 978-2070400010
- Dany LAFERRIERE, L’odeur du café, Zulma, 2016, ISBN-13: 978-2843047756
- Camara LAYE, L’enfant noir, Pocket, 2017
ISBN-13: 978-2266178945

FREN6738A-L18

CRN: 60624

Women on Stage in the 17th C.
Women on Stage in the 17th Century

Women's theater took off in the 1650s when socialites, poets and novelists saw their plays published and performed at the Court and in the great Parisian theaters. The heroines of renowned male playwrights question a patriarchal society where freedom and love are difficult to reconcile and question the history, politics and roles of each one, while adhering to the new codes of classicism. From the astonishing comedy by Isaac de Bensérade, Iphis and Iante (1634), one of the first in France to openly evoke female homosexuality, to the tragic comedy, Le Favori by Mme de Villedieu (1665), the first play written by a woman and performed by a professional troupe in Paris and in front of the King in Versailles, we shall see that the “Grand Siècle” was not exactly what one might think.

Required texts:
- Isaac de BENSERADE, Iphis et Iante, Lampsaque 2000, Le studiolo-théâtre, ISBN-13: 978-2911825033
- MOLIÈRE, Les Précieuses ridicules, Editeur : J'ai Lu 2015, Librio Théâtre, ISBN-13: 978-2290110348
- Théâtre de femmes de l’Ancien Régime, tome 2, Classiques Garnier 2016, Bibliothèque du XVIIe siècle, ISBN-13: 978-2812447440
- Jean RACINE, Esther, Folio 2007, Folio Théâtre, ISBN-13: 978-2070308323
- MARIVAUX, Le Jeu de l’Amour et du hasard, J'ai lu 2016, Librio Théâtre, ISBN-13: 978-2290125342

FREN6758A-L18

CRN: 60418

Family: Recent Evolution
Family Today: Recent Evolutions

What is a family? At first glance, this question might appear simple and the answers may equally appear evident. But if we go further it becomes obvious that defining what a family is in contemporary societies is not a simple task. Families have become diversified and relationships within the couple and between parents and children have changed profoundly. The number of marriages is fast declining, divorce has become banal, and increasing numbers of children are born outside of wedlock. These are some of the most obvious signs of how the family as an institution in society has weakened. Nowadays, the family is both more individualized and more frequently based on personal affinities than on legal ties. It is more often considered as an affective group, as a place to share intimacy and mutual recognition together as autonomous individuals. “Free together” is how one well-known French sociologist defined it when summarizing how the family functions and what efforts need to be made in the concrete reality of family life today. What does it mean to be free? What does it mean to be together? The course will begin with a reflection on these two questions and will provide an opportunity to explore all aspects of family life in contemporary French society. Ambivalence, conflict and paradox will also be examined as part of a new framework of familial and conjugal relationships.

This course will explore the various changes within the family over the last few decades in France and beyond. Using a diversity of documents and approaches – social sciences, psychology, literature, movies and documentaries – it will provide an opportunity to students to fine tune their answers to the question, “What is a family?”.

FREN6800A-L18

CRN: 60667

Independent Study

FREN6900A-L18

CRN: 60169

Research Paper

The French School

Sunderland Language Center
Middlebury College
P: 802.443.5526
F: 802.443.2075

Mailing address
French School
14 Old Chapel Road
Middlebury College
Middlebury, VT  05753

Sheila Schwaneflugel, Coordinator
sschwaneflugel@middlebury.edu