Middlebury: numbers
http://www.middlebury.edu/offices/news/communications/styleguide/numbers
enNumbers
http://www.middlebury.edu/offices/news/communications/styleguide/numbers/node/253187
<div><strong>Never </strong>start a sentence with a numeral. Spell out the number:
<p style="padding-left:30px">One hundred and thirty-five people attended the conference.</p>
<p><strong> </strong></p>
<h4><strong>In general </strong></h4>
<ul>
<li>Spell out numbers one to nine in text.</li>
<li>Use numerals for 10 and higher.</li>
<li>Thousands take a comma: 2,450 not 2450.</li>
<li>Large, round, even numbers used as approximations are spelled out:<br />The history spans some four thousand years of Western civilization.</li>
</ul>
<ul>
<li>Very large numbers (million and higher) may be expressed with a combination of numerals and spelled-out numbers.<br />2 million people; 10 trillion is a large number</li>
</ul>
<ul>
<li>These same rules apply to ordinals:<br />seventh place; 30th position; 135th award; third in line</li>
</ul>
<p> </p>
<h4><strong>Clusters of Numbers</strong></h4>
<p>Numbers within a sentence or paragraph that cluster together and are used in the same context should maintain consistency. If one of the numbers would normally be written as a numeral, use numerals for all in that same category. It is fine to have one category written with numerals and another with numbers spelled out:</p>
<p style="padding-left:30px">There are 14 graduates, 25 alumni, 3 first-year students, and 1 senior in the program.</p>
<p style="padding-left:30px">Middlebury faculty published 20 books in 2010; 5 were on the bestseller list, and they will be publishing 7 books next month.</p>
<p style="padding-left:30px">When mother came, we found seven dead pigeons outside. That didn’t deter us from enjoying our snack. She served 5 kinds of cookies, 11 new beers, and 7 types of goat cheese.</p>
<p> </p>
<h4><strong>Decimals</strong></h4>
<p>Use numerals, even in text:</p>
<p style="padding-left:30px">We are expecting to harvest 5.4 tons of corn.</p>
<p style="padding-left:30px"> </p>
<p><strong> </strong></p>
<h4><strong>Fractions </strong></h4>
<p><em>Simple fractions:</em> Spell out in text. Hyphenate the fraction if it represents a <em>single</em> quantity or when used as a modifier.</p>
<p style="padding-left:30px">five-sixths of the population<br />He received two-thirds majority<em><br />But:</em> I’m dividing my estate into five fifths to distribute to my heirs.<br />Five-sevenths full</p>
<p><em>Whole numbers plus fractions:</em> These can be spelled or expressed in numerals, whichever is most readable. (Do not link whole numbers to the fraction with a hyphen)</p>
<p style="padding-left:30px">Three and three-fourths cups of flour should be enough to make pizza.<strong> </strong><br />The recipe calls for 3 ¾ cups of flour.<strong> </strong></p>
<p> </p>
<h4><strong>Measurements </strong></h4>
<p>Hyphenate measurements that serve as adjectives preceding a noun:</p>
<p style="padding-left:30px">The bandage is a two-inch-long strip of gauze.<br />Place this four-foot block of wood in the fireplace.</p>
<p>Connect measurements with hyphens when the numbers represent a range, and they function as an adjective preceding a noun:</p>
<p style="padding-left:30px">We knew that a tsunami might create 80-to-90-foot tidal waves.</p>
<p><strong> </strong></p>
<p> </p>
<h4><strong>Money</strong></h4>
<p>References to money may be written as numerals or spelled out. If spelled, also spell the unit of currency, except when using very large numbers.</p>
<p style="padding-left:30px">fifty cents; six dollars; seventy-five euro<br />$.50; $125<br />$1 million; $10.3 billion</p>
<p style="padding-left:30px"> </p>
<h4><strong>Percentages</strong></h4>
<p>Always express percentages as a numeral-word combination, except in charts and scientific copy:</p>
<p style="padding-left:30px">25 percent, 4 percent</p>
<p> </p>
<h4><strong>Reunion Years</strong></h4>
<p>Use numerals for specific reunions: 20th reunion, 10th reunion</p>
<p>Reunion events may be expressed this way: Reunion 2012, Reunion Weekend</p>
<p><strong> </strong></p>
<p> </p>
<h4><strong>Temperature</strong></h4>
<p>45 degrees F (no period after the F within a sentence)<br />45<sup>°</sup>F (no spaces)</p>
<h4><span> </span></h4>
<p><span> </span><span> </span></p></div>
Wed, 09 Mar 2011 15:40:23 +0000Regan Eberhart reberhar@middlebury.edu253187 at http://www.middlebury.edu