About Project Management

According to the Project Management Institute guide to best project management practices (Project Management Book of Knowledge or PMBOK):

A project is a temporary endeavor undertaken to create a unique product, service, or result. The temporary nature of projects indicates that a project has a definite beginning and end. The end is reached when the project's objectives have been achieved or when the project is terminated because its objectives will not or cannot be met, or when the need for the project no longer exists.

While ITS at Middlebury uses this definition for a project there are some differences from the more rigid steps defined by the Project Management Institute. See below our overall process.

Middlebury Project Life Cycle

The green sections indicate the Project Portfolio Process the team has currently defined; pink indicates the Project Execution portions.

The process for ITS will evolve based on new information, needs and objectives. It is an ongoing process improvement endeavor.  Keep coming back to this page to see the changes as they are enacted.

The PMI defines the following process groups; many are very similar to the ITS version:

Initiating: very much like the green section of the ITS process; the project is started, overall scope defined and kicked off.

Planning: Just like the Planning phase in the ITS process the project is further planned and developed.

Executing: The project work is done as defined in the Project plan. As in the ITS pink section while executing the work the project status is reported to the stakeholders.

Closing: The project is formally ended, closed out and Lessons Learned and After Action Reviews are done to assess project performance and save any knowledge gained from the work done.

One difference between the PMI process and the ITS process is that the PMI adds a Monitoring and Controlling group. Here the Project team and specifically the Project Manager uses data and various tools to monitor project progress and perform corrective actions if there are issues. While not spelled out in the ITS process, it would be expected ITS Project teams would perform this process group to ensure project success and accurate reporting to stakeholders.

PMI Project Process Groups