Fulbright US Student Scholar Program
The Fulbright program was created by the US Congress in 1946. The purpose of the program is "to foster mutual understanding among nations through educational and cultural exchanges. . . . It enables US students and artists to benefit from unique resources in every corner of the world . . . [and] to gain international competence in an increasingly interdependent world." Funding is provided by an annual appropriation made by the U.S. Congress and contributions from other participating countries.