How does the Student Teaching Program work?

Students who elect to pursue licensure either in Elementary or Secondary studies apply to the Professional Semester offered each fall semester, and upon acceptance, complete EDST 0410, the student teaching seminar, and EDST 0405-0407, the student teaching practicum in a local school. Students may elect to complete the professional semester either as seniors, or post graduation in a ninth semester.


The initial Vermont Professional License (Level I: Beginning Educator's License) is for a three-year period.

After successful completion of three years of teaching and, on the recommendation of the local standards board, a Level I teacher is eligible for the Level II Professional Educators' License.  The Level II teaching license is renewable every seven years.

Upon graduation, students who have successfully completed the program described above are licensed to teach in the State of Vermont, whose license is also recognized fellow members of the NASDTEC. Some states may require additional teacher competency examinations before licensure will be granted. Holders of the initial Vermont license who are teaching in another state must qualify for a regular professional license according to the requirements of that state.  Please see the Vermont Department of Education website for the most up to date and accurate information.

Useful links for looking at other state certification requirements or online study resources:

    Praxis I and II Exams

    Praxis I: Academic Skills Assessments Pre-professional Skills Tests (PPST) in Reading, Writing, and Mathematics

    These exams are designed to measure reading, writing, and mathematical skills, skills vital to all teacher candidates. The Reading and Mathematics tests are one-hour multiple-choice tests, while the Writing test includes both a 30-minute multiple choice and a 30-minute essay section.


    Computer-Based Tests (CBT) in Reading, Writing, and Mathematics

    These exams contain computer-delivered questions that require selecting single or multiple responses, highlighting or reordering information, or providing a constructed response. Each section is two hours to allow sufficient time for tutorials on computer use, the test itself, and background information for score reporting.

    Praxis II: Subject Assessments

    Only students seeking licensure in the following areas will need to take this assessment: Biology, Chemistry, Earth Science, Elementary Education, English, Mathematics, Physics, Science, and Social Studies.

    This test measures knowledge of the subjects to be taught, as well as general and subject-specific pedagogical skills and knowledge.

    While successful completion of the student teaching semester and licensure portfolio fulfills the education minor and leads to a recommendation to the Vermont Department of Education for teacher licensure, the student will still need to obtain passing scores on the Praxis I and II Exams to secure their teaching license.

    Please make sure that you use the following attending college and score recipient codes when you take the Praxis I and II Exams. Information on the Praxis Exams can be obtained from the Director of Education Studies, or from ETS. The Teacher Resource Room has copies of practice Praxis Exams and selected preparation guides.

    Score Recipient

    R3526 Middlebury College
    R8410 Vermont Department of Education

    Attending College

    A3526 Middlebury College


    Student Teaching: The Professional Semester

    A teacher affects eternity; he can never tell where his influence stops.
    Henry Brooks Adams

    Admission to the semester is by application only. As of 2012 we only offer the professional semester in the fall term, the application deadline is March 15. Applications can be obtained from the Director of Education Studies.  As part of the application process, the student's advisor or another faculty member, usually selected from the student's major department, will need to complete the

    Academic Reference Form (available here or see the last two pages in the application packet) indicating the student's intellectual strengths and his or her mastery of the subject matter.

    Applicants will be notified of their acceptance into the professional semester by the Education Studies Program Committee approximately two weeks after the application deadline.

    In order to be assured of a positive recommendation for teacher licensure, students must complete EDST 0404 or EDST 0414 with a grade of at least a B and EDST 0405-0407 or EDST 0415-0417 with a PASS.

    Prerequisites to the Professional Semester:

    Note: In a few cases, students may elect to do their professional semester during the fall of their senior year. Such students will need to show progress towards meeting the prerequisites listed below and will not be recommended for teacher licensure until successful completion of all graduation requirements.

    • Successful completion of a first-year seminar, a College writing course, a major, and the college-wide distribution requirement;
    • Successful completion of all pre-practicum course requirements for the minor in secondary or elementary teacher education with recommendation for licensure;
    • Satisfactory performance of at least 60 hours of field placement work in local schools;
    • Assessment by the teacher education faculty of a student's communication skills in prerequisite courses;
    • Assessment by a liberal arts faculty, usually from the student's major;
    • An overall B or better average in courses taken before the professional semester;
    • An overall B or better average in the field of major studies before the professional semester;
    • A sincere interest in undertaking student teaching and becoming a teacher as reflected in the student's self-recommendation essay;
    • Review by the Education Studies Committee of the applicant's transcript, performance in Education Studies and related courses, self-recommendation essay, and Academic Reference form completed by a liberal arts faculty;

    Possession of such personal qualities as initiative, dependability, self-confidence, empathy, cooperativeness, and flexibility in adapting to new situations, as evaluated by the Education Studies Program faculty, by other faculty at the College, and, when appropriate, by classroom teachers involved in the student's field placements.

    Grade of B or Better:

    An overall B or better average in college courses taken before the professional semester is required of all students applying for the professional semester. Also, a B or better average in the field of major studies before the professional semester is also required.
    The Education Studies Program Committee can make an exception to these regulations if there are mitigating circumstances or some indication of student's progress in meeting these grade point averages.

    Professional Semester Placements:

    Usually student teachers will be placed in Vermont schools within a short driving distance of Middlebury College. This generally limits placements to the ACSU (Addison Central Supervisory Union), ANESU (Addison Northeast Supervisory Union) and ANWSU (Addison Northwest Supervisory Union) schools.

    Students will be expected to provide or arrange their own transportation. Student teachers placed in schools outside of Mary Hogan Elementary School, Middlebury Union Middle School, and Middlebury Union High School will be reimbursed for 50% of their travel expenses per the current College mileage rate. Students are expected to car pool with other Middlebury College students. Each semester reimbursement will be made only for car pooling expenses for one driver to such schools.

    Student teaching is a full-time responsibility requiring (by state mandate) a minimum of twelve complete and consecutive weeks for the practicum. Student teaching takes place on the local public school calendar, not the College calendar. This means that we highly recommend beginning the fall semester on the day that local teachers begin, often at the end of August. For the spring semester, student teachers begin on the Monday immediately following the ending of J-term. Because of the extremely demanding time commitment for student teaching, paid employment during the professional semester is highly discouraged.

    The Ninth Semester Program:

    Students who wish to gain a recommendation for teacher licensure have the option of completing their professional semester after graduation, as part of the 9th-semester program. This option allows students to take full advantage of the four years of their undergraduate liberal arts education before focusing on the professional semester. To be eligible, students must have completed all of the pre-practicum course requirements and prerequisites to the professional semester (listed above). Tuition for the Ninth Semester Program is the same as the fee charged to Special Students for one course (see "Special Students" under "Student Finances" in the General Catalog). Students may apply to the Office of Financial Aid for need-based financial aid.

    Licensure Exams:

    While successful completion of the professional semester and licensure portfolio fulfills the education minor and leads to a recommendation to the Vermont Department of Education for teacher licensure, the student will still need to obtain passing scores on the Praxis I and II Exams to secure their teaching license. Students with a total score of 1100 or better on the SAT or GRE (minimum of 500 on both verbal and math) or with scores of 22 or better on both the verbal and math parts of the ACT do not have to take Praxis I Exam, but will need to supply proof of these scores when applying for Vermont Licensure.

    Information on the Praxis I and II Exams can be obtained from the Director of Education Studies, from the Praxis entry on the sidebar to your left, or at

    The proportion of teaching candidates passing state-required assessments (performance and Praxis Exams) is 100%, which places Middlebury College Teacher Education in the 1st Quartile ranking of Teacher Education Programs in Vermont.


    Fingerprinting $19.25,
    Level I Vermont Licensure Fee $160
    Praxis Exams range from ~$80-$140 each, please review their site carefully for fees and surcharges


    Vermont Licensure:

    See the Licensure entry on the right for useful links and information about reciprocity (transferring your Vermont license to other states).


    Teaching and Learning in the Liberal Arts: Constructing Meaningful Connections

    The Education Studies Program is grounded in and grows out of the strength and excellence of the Middlebury College liberal arts curriculum. The College's aim has been to educate students in the liberal arts tradition who can bring their learning to bear on practical and significant real-world problems and concerns. In gaining a well-balanced liberal arts education, the Middlebury student majors in a recognized field of inquiry and undertakes a minor in education studies which provides a cross-disciplinary focus on the teaching and learning process. Taken together with distribution requirements in the humanities, social sciences, natural sciences and mathematics, and foreign languages and cultures, the course work in the major and the education studies minor provide prospective teachers with the analytical framework and content knowledge pivotal to engaging in reflective instruction in the practicum and in their first years of teaching.