Investigators must respect their subjects' privacy. Investigators must protect confidential information given to them and must advise subjects in advance of any limits on their ability to ensure that the information will remain confidential.

If the data gathered by a student researcher is not anonymous, the IRB recommends that the data be turned over to the faculty sponsor, who then becomes responsible for either ensuring that it is destroyed or archiving it with his or her data. If the student plans to go on to graduate school and wants to continue the research or use the data in future projects, he or she must request permission from the IRB to retain the data. Permission is contingent upon the student demonstrating adequate procedures to protect the confidentiality of the data.