11. References & Resources

The following books and other resource materials have either been referenced in this Chemical Hygiene Plan, or are considered to be excellent sources of information on laboratory safety issues. A copy of each listed reference is available in the office of the Director of Sciences Support Services, as are additional materials on more specific areas of interest, including ventilation, safety showers/eyewashes, and laboratory fire protection. Copies of certain of the listed materials are also available in the Main Library (Government Documents) or in Armstrong Library.

Regulatory Documents

29 CFR 1910 — Occupational Safety and Health Standards.

Contains the referenced OSHA standards, including 29 CFR 1910.1450 — Occupational Exposure to Hazardous Chemicals in Laboratories (“The Laboratory Standard”).

VOSHA 29 CFR 1910.1450 and 1910.1450A — Occupational Exposure to Hazardous Chemicals in Laboratories. The Vermont extract of the federal OSHA standard.

49 CFR 171–180 — Hazardous Materials Regulations.

Contains Department of Transportation (DOT) standards regarding packaging and transporting or shipping chemicals, chemical wastes, and other hazardous materials.

General Laboratory and Chemical Safety

American Chemical Society (ACS). 1995. Safety in Academic Chemistry Laboratories, 6th ed. Committee on Chemical Safety. Washington, DC: ACS.

American Chemical Society (ACS). Chemical Health and Safety. Bimonthly journal of the American Chemical Society. Washington, DC: ACS. Current and back copies are on file.

American National Standards Institute (ANSI). 1989. Practices for Occupational and Educational Eye and Face Protection: ANSI Z87.1-1989. New York: ANSI.

Compressed Gas Association. 1990. Handbook of Compressed Gases, 3rd ed. New York: CGA. A useful guide to cylinder gases and cryogens.

Furr, A. Keith. 1995. CRC Handbook of Laboratory Safety, 4th ed. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press. A good general resource.

National Research Council. 1995. Prudent Practices in the Laboratory: Handling and Disposal of Chemicals. Washington, DC: National Academy of Sciences. The bible on the use of laboratory chemicals, extracts from the 1981 edition are incorporated in the appendix of the OSHA Laboratory Standard as recommended procedures.

Young, Jay A., Ed. 1991. Improving Safety in the Chemical Laboratory, 2nd ed. New York: John Wiley & Sons.

American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists (ACGIH). 1998. Threshold Limit Values for Chemical Substances and Physical Agents and Biological Exposure Indices, 1998-99. Cincinnati, OH: ACGIH.

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS), Public Health Service (PHS), Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH). 1994. NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards. DHHS (NIOSH) Publication No. 94-116. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office. Not copyrighted, this publication may be freely copied for lab use.

Chemical Storage and Disposal

Armour, Margaret-Ann. 1996. Hazardous  Laboratory Chemicals Disposal Guide, 2nd ed. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press.

Pipitone, David. 1991. Safe Storage of Laboratory Chemicals, 2nd ed. New York: John Wiley & Sons.


National Research Council. 1989. Biosafety in the Laboratory: Prudent Practices for the Handling and Disposal of Infectious Materials. Washington, DC: National Academy of Sciences.

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS), Public Health Service (PHS), Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), and National Institutes of Health (NIH). 1993. Biosafety in Microbiological and Biomedical Laboratories, 3rd ed. Jonathan Richmond and Robert McKinney, Eds. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Safety Videos

A small library of videos on a variety of topics in laboratory safety is available. Of particular interest is the set of eight 90-minute videos comprising the Two-Day Safety Short Course, presented by the Laboratory Safety Institute. Also useful are the videos produced for the Howard Hughes Medical Institute (HHMI), including Practicing Safe Science (1992, 29 minutes), and the 9-part series Safety in the Research Laboratory (1995–97, 9–12 minutes each part) that covers such topics as chemical safety, x-ray diffraction hazards, radionuclides, cell culture, centrifugation, and glassware washing.