Emergency Procedures for Spills
Minor Spills of Liquids and Solids ( 3 H, 14C, 35S):
1. Immediately prevent the spread of contamination by covering the spill with absorbent paper.
2. Notify persons in the area that a spill has occurred.
3. Clean up the spill wearing disposable gloves and using absorbent paper. Carefully fold the absorbent paper with the clean side out and place in a plastic bag. Transfer the bag to a radioactive waste container. Also put contaminated gloves and any other contaminated disposable material in the bag.
4. Survey the area with a low-range radiation survey meter with a pancake probe (14C, 35S) or with a swipe test (3H). Check the area around the spill. Also check your hands, clothing, and shoes for contamination.
5. Report the incident to the Radiation Safety Officer (RSO).
6. The RSO will follow up on the cleanup of the spill and will complete a Radioactive Spill Report and a Radioactive Spill Contamination Survey.
Major Spills of Liquids and Solids (Hard Emitters):
1. Clear the area. Notify all persons not involved in the spill to vacate the room.
2. Prevent the spread of contamination by covering the spill with absorbent paper, but do not attempt to clean it up. To prevent the spread of contamination, limit the movement of all personnel who may be contaminated.
3. Shield the spill if possible. This should be done only if it can be done without further contamination or a significant increase in radiation exposure.
4. Close the room and lock or otherwise secure the area to prevent entry.
5. Notify the RSO immediately.
6. Decontaminate personnel by removing contaminated clothing and flushing contaminated skin with lukewarm water and then washing with mild soap. If contamination remains, induce perspiration by covering the area with plastic. Then wash the affected area again, to remove any contamination that was released by the perspiration.
7. The RSO will supervise the cleanup of the spill and will complete a Radioactive Spill Report and a Radioactive Spill Contamination Survey.