The NCAA has instituted more detailed guidelines for eligibility under medical exceptions for banned substances, including medications for male-pattern baldness, stimulants used to treat ADHD/ ADD, peptide hormones (hGH), and anabolic steroids (testosterone).
The student-athlete must now have complete documentation, including a letter dictated by the prescribing physician, on-file at the student-athlete’s school. This documentation needs to include all pertinent physical and psychological tests related to the diagnosis and treatment of the condition.
Peptide hormones (hGH) and anabolic steroids prescribed for medical conditions require application for a medical exemption by the NCAA in advance of participation.
What does this mean for Middlebury College athletes?
1) The new rule goes into effect in August 2009, however Middlebury College is starting this process for August 2008 in order to review our procedures and compliance in advance of the actual start date.
2) Student-athletes need to provide the Health Center with all documentation related to use of banned substances. Middlebury College Athletics, Sports Medicine and Health Services will not track or verify any information kept for this purpose. The sole responsibility for meeting this NCAA ruling rests with the student athlete and his or her physician.
3) It will be the responsibility of the student to have the home prescribing physician provide a letter with the following requisite information:
a. Diagnosis being treated
b. How the diagnosis was reached (NCAA medical experts will be looking at how the diagnosis was verified if a drug test is positive)
c. Dosage information
d. Statement that the student’s medical history demonstrates a need for regular use of the drug
e. List of any alternative non-banned medications for the treatment of the condition have been considered or tried
f. Statement that the student-athlete and the prescribing physician agree that no appropriate alternative medication to the use of the banned substance is available*
i. *Exceptions: anabolic agents (testosterone) or peptide hormones (hGH) require a request to use or continue using while participating in athletics prior to participation.
g. Letter can be faxed to the Health Center at 802-443-2066, or mailed to:
Health Center / Team Physician
Middlebury College 5110
Middlebury, VT 05753
4) Coaches will remind athletes about this policy at the beginning of each season
5) Student-athletes using medically prescribed anabolic steroids or peptide hormones need to alert the Athletic Department well in advance of participation so that a medical exemption can be obtained.
6) Student-athletes are responsible for notifying their coach, the Sports Medicine staff and the Athletic Department representative for compliance with regards to their current medical status and needs with regards to any medical exemption.
Please see the detailed NCAA description and link below.
NCAA Medical Exceptions
The Medical Exception information recently sent to the membership reflects a stricter application of the current policy. This stricter application will be applied effective August 2009 (August 2008 for Middlebury College). The current policy can be found at www.ncaa.org under Health and Safety. The current policy states that “The institution should maintain documentation that supports the use of medication in the student-athlete's medical record on campus. The documentation must be a letter or copies of medical notes from the prescribing physician that documents how the diagnosis was reached, and that the student-athlete has a medical history demonstrating the need for regular use of such a drug. The prescribing physician letter should contain information as to the diagnosis (including appropriate verification of the diagnosis), medical history and dosage information.”
The NCAA list of banned drug classes is composed of substances that are generally reported to be performance enhancing and harmful to one's health. The NCAA bans performance enhancing drugs to protect student-athlete health and safety and ensure a level playing field, and it also recognizes that some of these substances may be legitimately used as medications to treat student-athletes with learning disabilities and other medical conditions.
Accordingly, the NCAA allows exceptions to be made for those student-athletes with a documented medical history demonstrating the need for regular use of such a drug. The benefit of a medical exception procedure is that in most cases the student-athlete's eligibility remains intact during the process.
Exceptions may be granted for substances included in the following classes of banned drugs: stimulants, beta blockers, diuretics, anti-estrogens, anabolic agents (steroids)*, and peptide hormones* (NCAA Bylaw 31.2.3) [*anabolic agents and peptide hormones must be approved by the NCAA before the athlete is allowed to participate while taking these medications. The institution, through its director of athletics, may request an exception for use of an anabolic agent or peptide hormone by submitting to The National Center for Drug Free Sport (Drug Free Sport) any medical documentation it wishes to have considered.]
In all cases, a student-athlete, in conjunction with his or her physician, must document that other non-banned alternatives have been considered prior to requesting the medical exception for the use of a medication containing a banned substance. It is the responsibility of the institution to educate student-athletes about this policy, and to follow-up with any student- athlete who identifies the use of a banned medication to determine if standard non-banned medications have been pursued and documented.
In order for a student-athlete to be granted a medical exception for the use of a medication that contains a banned substance, the student-athlete must:
1. Have declared the use of the substance to his or her athletics administrator responsible for keeping medical records;
2. Present documentation of the diagnosis of the condition; and
3. Provide documentation from the prescribing physician explaining the course of treatment and the current prescription.
Requests for medical exceptions will be reviewed by physicians who are members of the NCAA Committee on Competitive Safeguards and Medical Aspects of Sports. Medical exceptions will be granted if the student-athlete has presented adequate documentation noted above. Unless requesting a review for the medical use of an anabolic agent or peptide hormone, a student-athlete's medical records or physicians' letters should not be sent to the NCAA unless requested by the NCAA. Also, the use of the substance need not be reported at the time of NCAA drug testing. Following are three treatment issues to help illustrate the medical exception procedure:
Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) – is one of the most common neurobehavioral disorders of childhood and can persist through adolescence and into adulthood. ADHD is generally diagnosed in childhood, but sometimes not until college or later. The most common medications used to treat ADHD are methylphenidate (Ritalin) and amphetamine (Adderall), which are banned under the NCAA class of stimulants. In order for a medical exception to be granted for the use of these stimulant medications, the student-athlete must show that he or she has undergone standard assessment to identify ADHD. Frequently a student-athlete may find that the demands of college present difficult learning challenges. They may realize that some of their teammates are benefitting from the use of these medications, and figure they should ask their team physician or family doctor to prescribe the same for them. If they do not undergo a standard assessment to diagnose ADHD, they have not met the requirements for an NCAA medical exception. Most colleges provide these types of assessment through their student support services or counseling and testing centers. The student-athlete should either provide documentation of an earlier assessment, or undergo an assessment prior to using stimulant medication for ADHD. If the diagnosis is ADHD, the student-athlete may then pursue treatment with the team physician or family physician for a prescription for stimulant medication, and provide all documentation to the appropriate athletics administrator to keep in the file in the event the student-athlete is selected for drug testing and tests positive. At that point, the athletics administrator will be instructed to provide the documentation for review by the medical panel, and if all is in order, the student-athlete's medical exception is granted.
Male-Pattern Baldness – Androgenic alopecia is a common form of hair loss in both men and women. In men, this condition is also known as male-pattern baldness. Hair is lost in a well-defined pattern, beginning above both temples. Over time, the hairline recedes to form a characteristic "M" shape. Hair also thins at the crown of the head, often progressing to partial or complete baldness. Non-banned medications are available to treat this condition. Finasteride (trade name Propecia), which is prescribed in some cases to treat male-pattern baldness, is a banned substance under the class of masking agents, as it interferes with the ability to identify steroid use. Before using finasteride, a student-athlete must exhaust other standard medications and document this effort. All documentation should be submitted to the sports medicine staff to review and maintain in the student-athlete's record. In the event a student-athlete tests positive for the use of finasteride, the institution will then submit the full record for a medical exception review.
Hypogonadism – Or testosterone deficiency, results either from a disorder of the testes (primary hypogonadism) or of the hypothalamus or pituitary glands (secondary hypogonadism). Causes of primary hypogonadism include Klinefelter's syndrome, undescended testicles and hemochromatosis. Secondary hypogonadism can be due to aging, increasing body mass index and/or type 2 diabetes mellitus. Treatment for hypogonadism may include testosterone medication. Testosterone falls under the banned drug class "anabolic agents". A student-athlete must request approval to use medication with testosterone prior to participation while using this substance. A full medical documentation of the diagnosis, course of treatment and prescription history must be provided by the institution prior to allowing the student-athlete to compete on this medication. If a student-athlete tests positive for testosterone and has not obtained prior approval to use this substance, the case must go to appeal.
In all cases, if a student-athlete does not meet the criteria for a medical exception, the student-athlete may request an appeal hearing of the positive drug test. In this case, the student-athlete's eligibility will be suspended pending the outcome of the appeal.
Questions should be directed to Middlebury College Team Physician, Mark Peluso, MD at 802-443-5135, or Director of Sports Medicine, Kelly Cray at 802-443-2316.