MIDDLEBURY, Vt. — President-elect Donald J. Trump has begun his transition planning. The surprising (to many) results of the election have given Middlebury political scientists Matt Dickinson and Bert Johnson a lot to think about as they consider the many ways in which this election defied conventional thinking.

In their final commentary on the 2016 presidential election, the Professor Pundits discuss how and why polling misled so many people, why the presidential transition period is so crucial, and what the election results mean for the very idea of presidential campaigns.

Dickinson writes the blog Presidential Power and is frequently quoted in the national news media. He often live tweets political events at @MattDickinson44. Johnson, also a regular in the national media, tweets at @bnjohns.