Definitions of Crime Statistics
The Department of Public Safety is the centralized reporting authority for Middlebury College. All members of the Middlebury College community are encouraged to report criminal incidents and other emergencies promptly to the Department of Public Safety. The Dean of the College Office can assist students in reporting serious incidents. The Human Resources Office (x5465), located in the Service Building, can assist employees.
The Department of Public Safety collects statistical information from Middlebury College Campus Security Authorities, from Mills College Public Safety Department, from the Middlebury Police Department and from the Vermont State Police for the annual report. The Middlebury Police Department and the Vermont State Police provides the Department of Public Safety with statistical information regarding crimes occurring on all public and privately held properties adjacent or contiguous to the main campus in Middlebury and the Bread Loaf campus in Ripton as defined by federal law.
In an effort to provide members of the campus community with information about campus crime and crime-related problems, the Middlebury College Department of Public Safety, in compliance with the Jeanne Clery Disclosure of Campus Security Policy and Campus Crime Statistics Act and the Violence Against Women Reauthorization Act of 2013, provides information on crime statistics.
Middlebury College reports crimes using the definitions and guidelines as described in the Federal Bureau of Investigation's Uniform Crime Reporting program. The Middlebury College Department of Public Safety is required to report as hate crimes any occurrence of criminal homicide, sex offense, robbery, aggravated assault, burglary, motor vehicle theft, arson or any other crime involving bodily injury to law enforcement or a campus security authority that manifests evidence that the victim was intentionally selected because of the victim's actual or perceived race, gender, religion, national origin, sexual orientation, gender identity, ethnicity, or disability.
Officials of the College with "significant responsibility for students and campus activities" are campus security authorizes and are required by federal law to notify the Department of Public Safety of crimes that are defined under the Jeanne Clery Disclosure of Campus Security Policy and Campus Crime Statistics Act. The Department of Public Safety actively seeks out reports from such officials as athletic coaches, advisors, etc.
The following are the crimes and crime definitions as mandated by the Clery Act:
Criminal Homicide/ Murder and Non-negligent Manslaughter - the willful (non-negligent) killing of one human being by another.
Criminal Homicide/Manslaughter by Negligence - The killing of another person through gross negligence.
Sex Offenses—Forcible is defined as any sexual act directed against another person, forcibly and/or against that person’s will; or not forcibly or against the person’s will where the victim is incapable of giving consent. This includes forcible rape, forcible sodomy, sexual assault with an object, and forcible fondling.
Forcible Rape is the carnal knowledge of a person, forcibly and/or against that person's will; or not forcibly or against the person's will where the victim is incapable of giving consent because of his/her temporary or permanent mental or physical incapacity (or because of his/her youth). This offense includes the forcible rape of both males and females.
Forcible Sodomy is oral or anal sexual intercourse with another person, forcibly and/or against that person's will; or not forcibly or against the person's will where the victim is incapable of giving consent because of his/her youth or because of his/her temporary or permanent mental or physical incapacity.
Sexual Assault With an Object is the use of an object or instrument to unlawfully penetrate, however slightly, the genital or anal opening of the body of another person, forcibly and/or against that person's will; or not forcibly or against the person's will where the victim is incapable of giving consent because of his/her youth or because of his/her temporary or permanent mental or physical incapacity. An object or instrument is anything used by the offender other than the offender’s genitalia. Examples are a finger, bottle, handgun, stick, etc.
Forcible Fondling is the touching of the private body parts of another person for the purpose of sexual gratification, forcibly and/or against that person's will; or, not forcibly or against the person's will where the victim is incapable of giving consent because of his/her youth or because of his/her temporary or permanent mental incapacity.
Non Forcible Sex Offenses - Unlawful, non-forcible sexual intercourse. This includes incest and statutory rape.
Incest is non-forcible sexual intercourse between persons who are related to each other within the degrees wherein marriage is prohibited by law.
Statutory Rape is non-forcible sexual intercourse with a person who is under the statutory age of consent.
Robbery - The taking or attempting to take anything of value from the care, custody, or control of a person or persons by force or threat of force or violence and/or putting the victim in fear.
Aggravated Assault - An unlawful attack by one person upon another for the purpose of inflicting severe or aggravated bodily injury. This type of assault usually is accompanied by the use of a weapon or by means likely to produce death or great bodily harm. (It is not necessary that injury result from an aggravated assault with a gun, knife, or other weapon is used which could and probably would result in serious personal injury if the crime were successfully completed.)
Burglary - The unlawful entry of a structure to commit a felony or a theft. For reporting purposes this definition includes: unlawful entry with intent to commit a larceny or felony; breaking and entering with intent to commit a larceny; housebreaking; safecracking; and all attempts to commit any of the aforementioned.
Arson - Any willful or malicious burning or attempt to burn, with or without intent to defraud, a dwelling house, public building, motor vehicle or aircraft, personal property of another, etc.
Motor Vehicle Theft - The theft or attempted theft of a motor vehicle (automobile, truck, bus, motorcycle, motor scooters, snowmobiles, etc.) Includes all cases where motor vehicles are taken by persons not having lawful access even though the vehicles are later abandoned, including joyriding.
Hate Crimes - Specific crimes are identifiable as hate crime, including murder, manslaughter, robbery, aggravated assault, burglary, motor vehicle theft, arson, forcible and non-forcible sex offenses, that manifests evidence that the victim was intentionally selected because of the victim's actual or perceived race, gender, religion, national origin, sexual orientation, gender identity, ethnicity, or disability of the victim.
Bias-Motivated Incident - Incidents that are not categorized into one of the listed criminal offenses but may include cases of written or verbal harassment, intimidation, destruction, damage or vandalism of property or graffiti in which the victim is intentionally selected because of actual or perceived race, gender, religion, national origin, sexual orientation, gender identity, ethnicity, or disability of the victim. Any student, faculty member or employee who is the victim of a bias-motivated incident or hate crime is encouraged to file a report immediately.
Timely response to these incidents is crucial. Failure to report allows the incidents to remain hidden and may even allow them to escalate. The College takes all reports seriously and will thoroughly investigate every incident and work with local law enforcement agencies whenever necessary. Reports can be filed with the Department of Public Safety, Dean of the College, Human Resources, Dean of Faculty, or the Human Relations Officer.
Domestic violence - means a “felony or misdemeanor crime of violence committed by—a current or former spouse or intimate partner of the victim, a person with whom the victim shares a child in common, a person who is cohabitating with or has cohabitated with the victim as a spouse or intimate partner, a person similarly situated to a spouse of the victim under the domestic or family violence laws of the jurisdiction receiving grant monies [under VAWA], or any other person against an adult or youth victim who is protected from that person’s acts under the domestic or family violence laws of the jurisdiction.”
Dating violence - means “violence committed by a person— who is or has been in a social relationship of a romantic or intimate nature with the victim; and where the existence of such a relationship shall be determined based on a consideration of the following factors: the length of the relationship; the type of relationship; and the frequency of interaction between the persons involved in the relationship.”
Stalking - means “engaging in a course of conduct directed at a specific person that would cause a reasonable person to—fear for his or her safety or the safety of others; or suffer substantial emotional distress.”