Definitions of Crime Statistics

The Department of Public Safety is the centralized reporting authority for Middlebury College. All members of the Middlebury College community are encouraged to report criminal incidents and other emergencies promptly to the Department of Public Safety. The Dean of the College Office can assist students in reporting serious incidents. The Human Resources Office (x5465),  located in the Service Building, can assist employees.

The Department of Public Safety collects statistical information from the Dean of the College Office and the Middlebury Police Department for the annual report. The Middlebury Police Department provides the Department of Public Safety with statistical information regarding crimes occurring on all public and privately held properties adjacent or contiguous to the campus as defined by federal law.

In an effort to provide members of the campus community with information about campus crime and crime-related problems, the Middlebury College Department of Public Safety, in compliance with the Jeanne Clery Disclosure of Campus Security Policy and Campus Crime Statistics Act, provides information on crime statistics. The department also maintains a relationship with the appropriate jurisdictions relative to students who may commit crimes off-campus.

Middlebury College reports crimes using the definitions as described in the Federal Bureau of Investigation's Uniform Crime Reporting program. The Middlebury College Department of Public Safety also reviews all crimes for manifest evidence that the victim was intentionally selected because of the victim's actual or perceived race, religion, sexual orientation, gender, ethnicity, or disability. Statistics are reported for those reportable crimes that are also Hate Crimes.

Officials of the College with "significant responsibility for students and campus activities" are required by federal law to notify the Department of Public Safety of crimes that are defined under the Jeanne Clery Disclosure of Campus Security Policy and Campus Crime Statistics Act. The Department of Public Safety actively seeks out reports from such officials such as athletic coaches, advisors, etc.

The following are the Definitions of Crimes as mandated by the Clery Act:

Criminal Homicide/ Murder and Non-negligent Manslaughter - the willful (nonnegligent) killing of one human being by another.

Criminal Homicide/Manslaughter by Negligence - The killing of another person through gross negligence.

Forcible Sex Offenses - Any sexual act directed against another person, forcibly and/or against that person's will; or not forcibly or against the person's will where the victim is incapable of giving consent because of his/her temporary or permanent

mental or physical incapacity (or because of his/her youth). This includes forcible rape, forcible sodomy, sexual assault with an object, and forcible fondling.

Non Forcible Sex Offenses - Unlawful, non-forcible sexual intercourse. This includes incest and statutory rape.

Robbery - The taking or attempting to take anything of value from the care, custody, or control of a person or persons by force or threat of force or violence and/or putting the victim in fear.

Aggravated Assault - An unlawful attack by one person upon another for the purpose of inflicting severe or aggravated bodily injury. This type of assault usually is accompanied by the use of a weapon or by means likely to produce death or great bodily harm. (It is not necessary that injury result from an aggravated assault with a gun, knife, or other weapon is used which could and probably would result in serious personal injury if the crime were successfully completed.)

Burglary - The unlawful entry of a structure to commit a felony or a theft. For reporting purposes this definition includes: unlawful entry with intent to commit a larceny or felony; breaking and entering with intent to commit a larceny; housebreaking; safecracking; and all attempts to commit any of the aforementioned.

Arson - Any willful or malicious burning or attempt to burn, with or without intent to defraud, a dwelling house, public building, motor vehicle or aircraft, personal property of another, etc.

Motor Vehicle Theft - The theft or attempted theft of a motor vehicle (automobile, truck, bus, motorcycle, motor scooters, snowmobiles, etc.) Includes all cases where motor vehicles are taken by persons not having lawful access even though the vehicles are later abandoned, including joyriding.

Hate Crimes - Specific crimes that are identifiable as hate crime, including murder, manslaughter, robbery, aggravated assault, burglary, motor vehicle theft, arson, forcible and non-forcible sex offenses in which the victim is intentionally selected because of actual or perceived race, gender, religion, sexual orientation, ethnicity, or disability of the victim.

Bias-Motivated Incident - Incidents that are not categorized into one of the listed criminal offenses but may include cases of written or verbal harassment, intimidation, destruction, damage or vandalism of property or graffiti in which the victim is intentionally selected because of actual or perceived race, gender, religion, sexual orientation, ethnicity, or disability of the victim. Any student, faculty member or employee who is the victim of a bias-motivated incident or hate crime is encouraged to file a report immediately.

Timely response to these incidents is crucial. Failure to report allows the incidents to remain hidden and may even allow them to escalate. The College takes all reports seriously and will thoroughly investigate every incident and work with local law enforcement agencies whenever necessary. Reports can be filed with the Department of Public Safety, Dean of the College, Human Resources, Dean of Faculty, the Human Relations Officer or the Community Relations Adviser