Opioids are a class of drugs that impact the central nervous system and alter sensations, such as the ability to feel pain. Examples include the illegal drug heroin, as well as several prescription pain relievers. The use of opioids without a medical prescription is illegal and carries significant health risks. These risks can be explored through the National Institute on Drug Abuse

If prescribed an opioid, check out our page on Tips for Safeguarding Medications.

Overdose Prevention

Naloxone is a medication that can be used to briefly reverse the effects of an opioid overdose by working as an opioid antagonist. A person who has experienced an overdose must still be seen for immediate medical attention after naloxone is administered. Signs of an overdose may include:

  • Unconsciousness
  • Very small pupils
  • Slow or shallow breathing
  • Vomiting
  • Inability to speak
  • Faint heartbeat
  • Cool, clammy skin
  • Discoloration of the lips or fingernails

Naloxone can be administered as an injection or nasal spray. Narcan is one common brand of naloxone nasal spray, and it is available on campus, at local pharmacies, or at community agencies. 

Middlebury stocks harm reduction stations that contain Narcan, among other supplies, in areas where students, staff, and/or faculty have been trained to use Naloxone. Visit go/Narcan to see the map of stations and learn more about harm reduction supplies available on campus.


Students can sign up for online offerings and may also be sanctioned to attend by a conduct officer. To request a program for yourself, your hall, organization, or team, please contact Liam Lawlor or set up a meeting

My Story (A Brief AOD Intervention)

My Story consists of up to four, individual, 60-minute sessions with a provider from Health and Wellness Education to explore your personal relationship with substance use, get individualized feedback, and learn about support services. This program is appropriate for discussion about all substances including the use of alcohol, cannabis, nicotine, psychedelics, opioids, and more. Sign up at go/mystory.

Other Drugs Online Course

The Other Drugs online course takes about 30 minutes to complete. It provides the physiological, health, and legal consequences of drug use and possession. This course covers stimulants, inhalants, ecstasy or hallucinogens, street opioids, herbal/synthetic drugs, sedatives and prescription painkillers. To gain access to this course, please email healthandwellnessed@middlebury.edu

Harm Reduction

Before engaging in substance use of any kind, consider the following:

  • Medical conditions that carry elevated risk
  • Medications that may cause dangerous interactions
  • The safety of the environment (e.g. calm, familiar setting)
  • Communication with trusted friends and/or family members
  • Emergency plans in the event of an incident

Click below for more information on harm reduction.

Resources & Support

Note: this list is not a full list of resources available.


In Case of Emergency

Call 911 for any medical, fire, police, or life-threatening emergency. 

For other emergencies call Public Safety at 801-443-5911.