African Studies Internships and/or Volunteering

Samantha Grant ‘12
International Politics and Economics

I volunteered in Western Cape Town, SA with the non-profit organization WorldTeach. I, along with the other 19 WorldTeach volunteers, led the Careers Indaba at Masiphumelele Library. Masiphumelele is a poverty-stricken township, but the learners that attended the indaba were the crème of the crop. The three week indaba took place during their July holiday vacation. For two weeks we had speakers come in and talk to the students about possible career choices. As a volunteer, my job was to help the learners decipher which career and higher educational choices would be most suitable for them. I also helped them to create their Curriculum Vitae (CVs), which are the equivalent of resumes, and performed mock interviews with them to practice interview decorum. In addition to these career orientated tasks, I helped the learners develop business plans, collages and hero books as means of developing their English, teaching them presentation skills, recognizing their capabilities, identifying their goals and building confidence. The third week I tutored them in computer literacy, English comprehension and algebra. The following week I relocated to a primary school at which I tutored sixth grade girls in mathematics and English and I also served as a substitute teacher for grades 2,3 and 4. And weekends were my time to explore the beauties of Cape Town with the other volunteers and program leaders. Hands down the greatest experience of my life!

Mikaela Lefrak ‘10
English and American Literatures
Spanish and African Studies Minors

I actually did not study abroad in Africa; I was in Bolivia. I did, however, do a month-long program the summer after my junior year in Moshi, Tanzania. The program's called Cross-Cultural Solutions (CCS), and you can volunteer with them in countries all over the world. I taught English and Math in a primary school for the whole month, and it was a wonderful experience. You live in a compound of sorts with the rest of the thirty or so volunteers (all American or Canadian, mostly college students but a few older people/families). The program was great if you've never been on a volunteer trip or to Africa before as it was highly organized, very security-conscious, and provided introductory classes on Tanzanian issues and language, but it was highly scheduled and I personally would've liked some more freedom. However, I loved being in Moshi and had a fabulous time, and I would recommend CCS to most people interested in volunteering in Africa.

Kylie Katherine Atwood '12
International Studies/African Studies

African Studies Student Gets Published
Popular Kenyan tourist event also symbolizes divisions

Lamu Island Cultural Festival highlights music, art, sport and a desire to split from Kenya

By Kylie Atwood (Middlebury College) Student Correspondent Corps
Published: January 6, 2011 20:15 ET in Study Abroad

LAMU, Kenya — The 10th annual Cultural Festival in late November took this small car-less island by storm: the streets were flooded with 50,000 visitors, women paraded around in ornately designed buibuis (long black Muslim dresses), Bollywood rhythms echoed around every corner, street vendors sold Swahili samosas, and donkeys ran wild. While the rest of Kenya is focused on implementing the country’s new constitution, the island of Lamu was in party mode.

Lamu, one of the largest islands in the Lamu archipelago off the northern coast of Kenya, is the hub of Kenya’s Swahili culture. The Swahili culture blends the Muslim religion with Arab and African influences and is distinctly different from the cultures in Kenya’s upcountry. The celebration of this culture is on the rise as the number of people who come to the Lamu Cultural Festival has increased every year. So one question arises: Will Lamu always be a part of Kenya?

The people of Lamu are not only different from the rest of Kenya, they are also physically and psychologically removed, seemingly totally uninterested in the country’s affairs. The biggest news in Kenya — that Kenya’s minister of education and many other members of parliament are charged with corruption — isn’t their main concern.

With sparkles in their eyes, Lamu residents are consumed with who won the Cultural Festival’s donkey races, traditional dhow sailing races, and swimming races. And this disconnect between Lamu and the rest of Kenya reoccurs on a daily basis: By the time the newspapers arrive on the island, around 3PM each day, “the news is already history” explains Saudi, a local who has lived here his whole life.

For the festival, the majority of visitors came from nearby islands and the costal towns of Kenya such as the country’s largest port, Mombasa. Many of the visitors were drawn to Lamu, as it is a religious center for the Muslim population of Kenya. While only 10 percent of Kenyans are Muslim, on the coast 90-95 percent are Muslim.

The festival also attracted high profile individuals from the international community. The U.S. embassy was an official sponsor and thus Ambassador Michael Ranneberger attended along with the Italian ambassador, the former Austrailian ambassador, and many other high ranking officials from countries including Germany and Sweden.

These countries contributed more funds to the festival than the Kenyan government, a fact that infuriated many Lamu citizens.

With their feelings of being disconnected and mistreated, Lamu citizens vented their frustrations.

“The reason we want to break from Kenya is because they have a cake and they do not share it with us;we don’t get any piece,” explained Adam, a librarian at the Museum Fort in Old Town Lamu. Many other citizens do not consider Lamu to be a part of Kenya. and dream about an independent Lamu.

“When Lamu breaks from Kenya, I will be the president,” said Musini a dhow captain who lives in Old Town. A smile crept onto his face, but his sentiments were genuine.

But not everyone thinks Lamu will make a break from Kenya anytime soon. Mbarak, the curator of the Museums in Lamu, explained that the world will not support Lamu in any attempt to secede from Kenya because it will set a bad precedent. Lamu’s secession would encourage other small communities in Somalia and Sudan to break away from their country as well. “So,” he explained, “It would not be good for Kenya or for Africa.”

Economically, Kenya relies on the coast: tourism contributes about 60 percent to Kenya’s GDP. Tourism decreased following the terrorist attacks in Nairobi in 1998. But today tourism is reviving in Lamu and on the whole of the Kenyan coast. So the Kenya does not want Lamu or any regions on their coast to secede.

But there is a one small window of opportunity for Lamu secessionists. In 1963 Kenya signed a 50-year lease with the Sultanate of Zanzibar, who previously ruled the 10-mile strip of Kenya’s coast of which Lamu is a part. The lease runs out in 2013. So Lamu’s dream of breaking free from Kenya could actually come true if there is enough gumption to fuel a secession movement. Lamu’s relationship with Zanzibar remains unclear.

It is unlikely that Lamu and the 10-mile strip will actually break from Kenya but it is important to keep an eye on this coastal region in the next few years.

As for Lamu, party time continued throughout December. Ali, a local working at a seafront restaurant explained, “all of December is party time in Lamu; no one sleeps.”

Program in International and Global Studies

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