Courses in this level are designed for students with no functional ability in Spanish, and with no previous formal or informal exposure to other Romance languages. After having completed these courses, students should be able to ask and answer questions within a variety of sociocultural situations, and participate in simple conversations on topics beyond the most immediate needs. They should understand utterances on a variety of topics primarily related to basic personal background and needs. They should write short texts involving topics grounded in personal experiences. They should read simple, connected texts dealing with a variety of basic and sociocultural needs.