Associate Director of Graduate Studies
Carmen de la Guardia, from Spain, received her PhD from the Universidad Autónoma de Madrid where she currently serves as Professor in the Contemporary History Departament. She has taught in a variety of American university programs in Spain. A specialist in cultural and political history, she in now researching and has published articles on the cultural relationship between the U.S. and Spain. Her books include Historia de Estados Unidos; Conflicto y reforma en el Madrid del siglo XVIII and Proceso político y elecciones en Estados Unidos. Professor de la Guardia has received numerous fellowships (Fulbright, Gilder Lehrman Institute of American History, Fundación Caja de Madrid), which allowed her to conduct research at the John Carter Brown Library, the Columbia University Rare Book and Manuscript Library and the New School for Social Research.
Courses offered in the past four years.
▲ indicates offered in the current term
▹ indicates offered in the upcoming term[s]
SPAN 6633 - Survive Mem/Resist Dictatorshp
Surviving Memories: Resisting Dictatorships
One of the most serious phenomena of the 20th-century was the rise of totalitarian regimes in different nations. In Latin America and Spain there emerged new regimes that monopolized power, dominated society through a systematic mechanism of control and propaganda and also exercised unprecedented repression. In opposition to these regimes, voices that resisted opening up new margins of freedom arose. The aim of this course is to develop insight into the American and Spanish dictatorships through the study and discussion of writings and diverse reports from witnesses who were able to keep their memories alive. (1 unit)
Required texts: A selection of excerpts from the following authors: Mariano Constante, Los años rojos (Barcelona: Círculo de Lectores, 2004), Cristina Peri Rossi, El museo de los esfuerzos inútiles, en Lo mío es escribir: Siglo XX, ed. Anna Caballé (Barcelona: Círculo de Lectores, 2003); Victoria Kent, Cuatro años de mi vida, 1940-1944 (Barcelona: Bruguera, 1978); Ernesto Sábato, La resistencia (Barcelona: Seix Barral, 2000); Jorge Semprun, La escritura o la vida (Barcelona: Tusquets, 2002). Excerpts provided in electronic form at Middlebury.
SPAN 6712 - Spanish Writers North America
Exiles: Spanish Writers in North America
One of the least known aspects of contemporary Spanish history is the rich cultural contribution by numerous Spaniards who lived and died in exile. Being a nation that from its origins forged its identity not in linguistic or legal unity, but in ideology, exclusion due to differences was a constant. From the first expulsions of Jews and Muslims at the end of the 15th-century, the contributions of the Sephardics and the Andalusians were frequent in the melancholic culture of exile. In this course we will examine the Spanish exiles’ contributions to strengthening Spanish studies in the United States and Mexico. Franco’s victory in the Spanish Civil War triggered the last great wave of exiles to America. Educational and cultural institutions which had already established close ties with the intellectual Republicans, generously accepted these exiles. Their work, influenced by their absence, continued to center on the Spanish culture, thus contributing to the North America’s interest in cultural contributions by a Spain that only existed in their memories. (1 unit)
Required texts: A selection of excerpts from the following texts and authors available in Electronic form on Segue: Isabel García Lorca, Recuerdos míos (Barcelona: Tusquets editores, 2002); Jaime Salinas, Travesías (Barcelona: Tusquets editores, 2003); Victoria Kent, Cuatro años de mi vida, (1940-1944) (Barcelona: Bruguera, 1978); María Zambrano, Delirio y Destino, (Barcelona: Mondadori, 1989); Patricia Fagen, Transterrados y ciudadanos. Los republicanos españoles en México (Mexico: FCE, 1975).
This course is cross-listed with LiteratureCiv Cul & Soc Literature
SPAN 6721 - Women through their Writing
History of Women Through Their Writings
In this course through the reading of text written by women --diaries, autobiographies, and letters-- we will examine the process of construction of gender identity at various stages of history and the perception that women had of their own situation. We will also analyze the political, social, and legal discussions which made possible the emergence of feminism in Spain and Latin America. (1 unit)
Required text: A selection of excerpts from the following texts and authors available in electronic form at Middlebury: Anna Caballé (dir.), La vida escrita por las mujeres. La pluma como espada. Del romanticismo al modernismo (Madrid: Círculo de Lectores, 2003); Birute Ciplijauskaité, La novela femenina contemporánea. Hacia una tipología de la narración en primera persona (1970-1985) (Barcelona: Antrophos, 1988); Isabel Morant (dir.), Historia de las mujeres en España y América Latina (Madrid: Cátedra, 2005).
This course is cross-listed with Literature.Civ Cul & Soc Literature
Summer 2010, Summer 2011, Summer 2012, Summer 2013
SPAN 6734 - Spain & the Americas
Frictions in the Atlantic World: Spain and the Americas from the 16th- to the 18th-Centuries
The encounter between the Iberian kingdom of Castille and the Americas sparked off one of the richest and most complex periods in modern history. In this course, we will be studying the dramatic transformation of those two worlds in a theater familiar to us today as “the Spanish Atlantic World”. Through the reading and discussion of memoirs, diaries, letters, and political texts as well as historical writings this period will be analyzed. (1 unit)
Required text: A selection of excerpts from the following authors: Miguel León Portilla, Códices: los antiguos libros del Nuevo Mundo (Mexico: Aguilar, 2003); John H. Elliott, Imperios del mundo atlántico: España y Gran Bretaña en América (Madrid: Taurus, 2006); J. Cañizares-Esguerra, Católicos y puritanos en la colonización de América (Madrid: Marcial Pons, 2008); Pablo Fernández Albaladejo, La crisis de la monarquía (Barcelona: Crítica / Marcial Pons, 2009).Civ Cul & Soc
SPAN 6739 - Independence in Latin America
Independence in Latin America: Republicanism, Revolutions, and the Emergence of New Nations
The aim of this course is to analyze the political culture that forms the basis of the independence process in Latin America. We will be reading memoirs, diaries, the correspondence between “the founders”, and political texts as well as historical writings. Considering the fact that the revolutions in Latin America were not isolated events, but rather an integral part of a transnational movement that engulfed America and Europe at the end of the 18th-century that was known as the Atlantic Revolutions. (1 unit)
Required text: A selection of excerpts from the following texts and authors available in electronic form on Segue: Jorge Cañizares Esguerra, Cómo escribir la historia del Nuevo Mundo. Historia, epistemologías, e identidades en el mundo del Atlántico del siglo XVIII (Mexico: Fondo de Cultura Económica, 2007); Manuel Chust, La cuestión nacional Americana en la cortes de Cádiz (Valencia: Fundación Instituto de Historia Social, 1999); Jaime E. Rodríguez, La independencia de la América española (Mexico: Colegio de México/FCE, 2008); Rafael Rojas, Las repúblicas de aire. Utopía y desencanto en la revolución de Hispanoamérica (Madrid: Taurus, 2009).Civ Cul & Soc