Kim joined the Middlebury faculty in 2004. She received her BS, MA and PhD in psychology and behavioral neuroscience from USC and completed her post-doctoral fellowship at the Portland Alcohol Research Center at Oregon Health and Sciences University.
Kim was trained as a behavioral neuroscientist and psychopharmacologist. Her expertise draws from several domains of neuroscience including developmental neuroscience, learning and memory, social neuroscience and addiction. She has spent most of her career investigating the neural mechanisms of fetal alcohol syndrome and alcohol addiction in a rodent model, but has recently changed direction. While her previous lines of research focused on how neuroplasticity could lead to adverse outcomes, her current research explores just the opposite: Kim is investigating how contemplative practices capitalize on neuroplasticity to promote well-being. In fact, learning to practice mindfulness positively affects clinical outcomes for addiction, depression and anxiety disorders. The practices appear to shift brain function in ways that enhance attention, emotion and stress regulation, executive functioning and somatoform awareness. Though changes to functional outcomes occur, the specifics have not yet been identified (i.e. what changes, how the changes occur over time, and the neural correlates of change). To help answer some of these questions, Kim’s research program focuses on how mindfulness practices impact emotion regulation and interpersonal dynamics including aggressive and compassionate behaviors. Her studies enlist both behavioral measures and neurophysiological measures including electrodermal response (EDR), neuroendocrine assays, and electroencephalograph (EEG) brain wave activity.
Kim currently teaches the following courses: Mindfulness and Psychology, Physiological Psychology, Condition and Learning, Neurotoxicology and Teratology, Neuropsychology of Addiction, and Introductory Psychology. She will soon teach Behavioral Neuroscience and, hopefully, Social Neuroscience in the near future.
Kim also serves as a Faculty Advisor the undergraduate neuroscience journal: Impulse (http://impulse.appstate.edu/). This journal is run by undergraduate students at institutions throughout the U.S. and internationally. A goal of Impulse is to provide students a venue to write-up and publish their independent research projects for dissemination to the scientific community. All articles are evaluated by student reviewers for scientific integrity and then recommended for publication or revision. Middlebury has a very accomplished team of student reviewers led by a student Associate Editor and the team works hard to ensure that Impulse articles meet the highest scientific standards. Impulse’s scientific review process mirrors that of professional journals and provides students first-hand training in the peer-review process. Student Associate Editors also have the privilege of attending and advocating for Impulse at national neuroscience conferences such as the Society for Neuroscience and the Federation for European Neuroscience Societies. Participation is a great way to make an impact! Please feel free to inquire about getting involved!
Presentations and publications (* indicates Middlebury student)
*Cullen, B., *Bruns, M., *Paritsky, A., *McGuirk, E., *Ogle, T., Kimble, M., & Cronise, K. (October, 2015). Neurophysiological correlates of self-referential activity in meditators and non-meditators. Poster presentation at Advances in Meditation Research, New York Academy of Sciences, New York City, NY. September 2015.
*Cullen, B., *Bruns, M., *McGuirk, E., *Paritsky, A., *Ogle, T., Kimble, M. and Cronise, K. (June, 2015). Neurophysiological correlates of self-referential activity in meditators and non-meditators. Poster session at the Mind and Life Summer Research Symposium, Garrison, NY.
*Cullen, B.; *Stallworthy, I., *Lesenskyj, A., *Boles, L., *Weinert-Stein, M., *Percelay, R., *McGuirk, E., Sellers, J. and Cronise, K. (Jan, 2015). Do experienced meditators differ from non-meditators in emotion recognition, competitive reactions or compassionate responses? Poster session at University of Vermont Chapter for the Society for Neuroscience; Neuroscience, Behavior and Health Research Forum; Burlington, VT.
*Cullen, B.; *Stallworthy, I., *Lesenskyj, A., *Boles, L., *Weinert-Stein, M., *Percelay, R., *McGuirk, E., Sellers, J. and Cronise, K. (Nov, 2014). Do experienced meditators differ from non-meditators in emotion recognition, competitive reactions or compassionate responses? Poster session at Stanford CCARE, Science of Compassion Conference, San Francisco, CA.
*Kahn, H., *Raghunath, R., *Calhoun, C., *Lesenskyj, A., *Weinert-Stein, M., Cronise, K., & Sellers, J. (January, 2014). Can establishing a regular meditation practice reduce college students’ physiological responses to stressful testing situations and impact their social cognition? Poster session at University of Vermont Chapter for the Society for Neuroscience; Neuroscience, Behavior and Health Research Forum; Burlington, VT.
*Aye, M.F., *McNally, A., *Brown, K., *DuPre, N.,A., *Henschen, C., *Hudziak, V., *Lee, K., *Morrison, A., *Saeed, F., *Sullivan, A.K., *Williams, K., & Cronise, K. (2010). Sex differences in alcohol tolerance and consumption in C57BL/6J mice. Society for Neuroscience Abstracts, online.
*Maletsky, K., *Rose-Baker, M., *Aye, M., *Morrison, A. & Cronise, K. (2010). An assessment of the effects of pregnenolone sulfate and intoxicated practice on alcohol tolerance and consumption in swiss webster mice. Society for Neuroscience Abstracts, online.
Kelly, S. J., Leggett, D., and Cronise, K. (2009) Sexually dimorphic effects of alcohol exposure during development on processing of social cues. Alcohol and Alcoholism, 44(6):555-560.
Cronise, K., *Stefanik, M., *Sethi, L., & *Bowen, T. (2009). Blocking or facilitating ethanol tolerance with neurosteroids: A means to assess the impact of tolerance on ethanol consumption in mice. Research Society on Alcoholism, 33(1):p323.
*Lee, K., *Sethi, L., *Bowen, T., *Maletsky, K., *Brown, K., *Saeed, F., & Cronise, K. (2009). The impact of ethanol tolerance on consumption: does tolerance provide a preference or an ability to consume ethanol? Society for NeuroscienceAbstracts, online.
Cronise, K. & *Gandhi, M.(2008). Co-administration of ketamine with ethanol does not alter the development of tolerance to ethanol or ethanol consumption C57BL/6J mice. Society for Neuroscience Abstracts, online.
Cronise, K., *Guarnier, M., *Blackman, L., & *Cook, A. (2007). Ethanol tolerance may enhance ethanol consumption in a modified drinking in the dark paradigm. Research Society on Alcoholism Abstracts, Supp. 31(6):24A.
*Sindel, C., *Blackman, L. & Cronise, K. (2006) Expression of sensitization to the locomotor stimulating effect of ethanol is dependent on contextually conditioned cues in DBA/2J mice. Society for Neuroscience Abstracts, online.
Cronise, K. & Crabbe, J.C. (2005). Murine models of substance and alcohol dependence: unraveling genetic complexities. Computational genetics and genomics: tools for understanding complex disease. Peltz (Ed.), Humana Press, Inc., Totowa, NJ.
Cronise, K., Finn, D.A., Metten, P. & Crabbe, J.C. (2005). Scheduled access to ethanol results in motor impairment and tolerance in female C57BL/6J mice. Psychopharmacology, Biochemistry and Behavior, 81:943-953.
Finn, D.A., Belknap, J.K., Cronise, K., Yoneyama, N., Murillo, A., & Crabbe, J.C. (2005). A procedure to produce high alcohol intake in mice. Psychopharmacology, 178:471-480.
Kleithermes, C.L., Cronise, K. & Crabbe, J.C. (2005). Home cage activity and ingestive behaviors in mice following chronic ethanol vapor inhalation. Physiology and Behavior, 85:479-488.
Kleithermes, C.L., Cronise, K. & Crabbe, J.C. (2004). Anxiety-like behavior in mice in two apparatus during withdrawal from chronic ethanol vapor inhalation. Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research, 28(7):1012-1019.
Marino M.D., Cronise K., Lugo Jr. J.N., and Kelly, S.J. (2002) Ultrasonic vocalizations and maternal-infant interactions in a rat model of Fetal Alcohol Syndrome. Developmental Psychobiology, 41(4):241-351.
Lugo, Jr,. J.N., Marino, M., Cronise, K., and Kelly, S.J. (2002) Effects of alcohol exposure during development on social behavior in rats. Physiology & Behavior, 78(2):185-194.
Cronise, K., Marino, M.D., Tran, T.D. & Kelly, S.J. (2000). Critical periods for the effects of alcohol on learning in rats. Behavioral Neuroscience, 115(1):138-45.
Cronise, K. & Kelly, S.J. (2000). Maternal urinary tract infection alters water maze performance in the offspring. Neurotoxicology & Teratology, 23(4):373-9.