Maggie Clinton joined the Middlebury faculty in fall 2009. She received her BA from Wesleyan University and her MA and PhD from New York University. Her first book, Revolutionary Nativism: Fascism and Culture in China, 1925-1937 (under contract with Duke University Press) examines the cultural politics of far right nationalists in China on the eve of World War II. By engaging with visual and written materials, the book assesses the violence that attended Chinese fascist efforts to cast Confucianism as the exclusive core of the nation’s “native culture” and to cement this culture to a corporatist developmentalism. Her second book project, tentatively titled Oil for the Lamps of China: Power and Petroleum in the Colonial Encounter, 1870-1979, will examine the environmental, political, and cultural dimensions of oil marketing and prospecting in China from the late nineteenth century through the end of the Maoist period. Clinton’s work has been supported by the American Council of Learned Societies/Andrew W. Mellon Foundation, Fulbright IIE, the Blakemore-Freeman Foundation, the Center for Chinese Studies (Taipei), and the Middlebury College Ada Howe Kent fund.
Courses offered in the past four years.
▲ indicates offered in the current term
▹ indicates offered in the upcoming term[s]
FYSE1307 - Fascism & Masculinity, 1919-45
Fascism and Masculinity Around the World, 1919-1945
In this seminar we will explore how ideas about masculinity shaped the character and goals of fascist movements around the world between 1919 and 1945. We will investigate conceptions of gender, sexuality, race, and nation as manifested in paramilitary organizations, leadership cults, international sporting competitions, and the reorganization of work and domestic life. Texts will include scholarly monographs as well as films by Leni Riefenstahl, narratives by kamikaze pilots, and debates about cultural “degeneracy.” The seminar will provide an introduction to the historiography of fascism, methods of transnational inquiry, and the study of gender and sexuality. CMP CW HIS
FYSE1451 - Power and Petroleum
Power and Petroleum in Asia, 1890-Present
From Standard Oil’s marketing of kerosene in 1890s China to 21st century conflicts over undersea reserves in the western Pacific, oil has played a key role in Asia’s modern development. In this seminar we will examine the expansion of European, American, and Japanese petroleum companies in East and Southeast Asia, the role of oil in the Pacific War, and China’s present-day efforts to fuel its growing economy. By analyzing novels, films, advertisements, and historical scholarship, we will learn about modern changes to local patterns of resource extraction as well as the emergence of new understandings of nature, illumination, and production. 3 hrs. sem. AAL CW HIS
HIST0112 - Modern East Asia ▲ ▹
Modern East Asia
In this course we will examine East Asian history from 1800 to the present. We will study the “Chinese World Order,” the patterns of European imperialism that led to this order’s demise, the rise of Japan as an imperialist power, and 20th century wars and revolutions. We will concentrate on the emergence of Japan, China, and Korea as distinct national entities and on the socio-historical forces that have bound them together and pried them apart. We will seek a broader understanding of imperialism, patterns of nationalism and revolution, and Cold War configurations of power in East Asia. 2 hrs. lect./1 hr. disc. AAL CMP HIS NOA SOC
Spring 2015, Spring 2016, Spring 2017, Fall 2017
HIST0232 - Modern China
In this course we will examine the history of China from the early 19th century through the end of the Maoist period. Readings, lectures, and discussions will familiarize students with the cultural and social structures of the late Qing Empire, patterns of semi-colonialism, the rise of nationalist, feminist, and Marxist movements, and key events in the People’s Republic of China. Students will emerge from the class with a broader understanding of forms of empire and imperialism, anti-colonial nationalism, non-Western Marxism, and the tendencies of a post-socialist state. 2 hrs. lect., 1 hr. disc. AAL HIS NOA SOC
Fall 2014, Fall 2015, Fall 2016
HIST0303 - Oil, Opium, and Oligarchs ▲
Oil, Opium, and Oligarchs: Modern Asian Empires
In this course we will examine dynamics and legacies of imperialism in East and Southeast Asia from the nineteenth century through the present. We will consider the role of opium in securing British influence, the rise of Japan as an imperialist power, struggles to control regional markets and natural resources, and China’s expansionist efforts past and present. By engaging with novels, films, treaties, and historical scholarship, class participants will gain a broad understanding of empires and imperialism, and how this heritage continues to inform Pacific-regional relations. Not open to students who have taken IGST/HIST 0475. 3 hrs. lect./disc. AAL HIS NOA
Spring 2016, Spring 2017
HIST0306 - Global Fascism ▹
What was, or is, fascism? How do we know it when we see it? Can fascism be understood as an exclusively European phenomenon, or did it become manifest in movements and regimes in other parts of the twentieth-century world? In this seminar, we will engage with such questions via a range of texts including manifestos, films, and scholarly works. The first part of the course will interrogate seminal theories of fascism, the second will examine historical instances of fascism with particular emphasis on East Asia, and the final part will engage with debates about the contemporary resurgence of authoritarian populism. 3 hrs. Sem. AAL CMP HIS NOA
HIST0479 - Pacific Century: China-U.S.
Pacific Century: Chinese-American Relations, 1898-Present
In this course we will examine the multi-faceted nature of relations between China and the United States from the late 19th century through the present. Topics will include US imperialism in the Pacific, shifting dynamics of American orientalism, wartime diplomacy, the immigrant experience, and varying ways in which Communist China has challenged American military and economic power over the last sixty years. We will pay particular attention to how this “special” relationship shaped each nation’s development relative to the other. In addition to scholarly analyses, course materials will include memoirs, political tracts, travelogues, and Hollywood films. 3 hrs. sem. CMP HIS
HIST0500 - Special Research Projects ▲ ▹
Special research projects during the junior year may be used to fulfill the research seminar requirements in some cases. Approval of department chair and project advisor is required.
Spring 2013, Fall 2014, Spring 2015, Fall 2015, Spring 2016, Fall 2016, Spring 2017, Fall 2017, Spring 2018
HIST0700 - Senior Independent Study ▲ ▹
The History Senior Thesis is required of all majors. It is written over two terms, with the final grade applying to both terms. The project is generally begun in the fall and completed during winter or spring. Approval is required to begin the thesis in winter or spring, and such students must still attend the Thesis Writer's Workshops that take place in fall and winter.
Spring 2013, Fall 2014, Winter 2015, Spring 2015, Fall 2015, Winter 2016, Spring 2016, Fall 2016, Winter 2017, Spring 2017, Fall 2017, Spring 2018
IGST0475 / HIST0475 - Imperial/Anti-Imperial Asia
Imperialism and Anti-Imperialism in Asia
In this seminar we will examine patterns of Euro-American and Japanese imperialism in South, East, and Southeast Asia during the 19th and 20th centuries. We will focus on the ways in which scholars and revolutionaries have made sense of the workings of colonial power and formulated strategies for resistance. By engaging with novels, films, and political manifestos, students will gain a broad understanding of how imperialism transformed lifeworlds, how its cultural, social, and economic dimensions have been critiqued, and the formation of nationalist, Marxist, and Pan-Asianist movements. Readings will include works by V.I. Lenin , Mao Zedong, Ho Chi Minh, Pramoedya Ananta Toer, and Ranajit Guha. This course is equivalent to HIST 0475. 3 hrs seminar. AAL CMP HIS NOA SOC
IGST0704 - EAS Senior Thesis ▲ ▹
East Asian Studies Senior Thesis
Winter 2016, Spring 2016, Winter 2017, Spring 2017, Fall 2017, Spring 2018