COVID-19: Essential Information

Michael Durst

Assistant Professor of Physics

 
 work802.443.5210
 fax802.443.2072
 Spring 2021 Zoom meetings: Mondays, Wednesdays, and Fridays 11:15 AM to 12 PM, Tuesdays and Thursdays 4 PM to 5:15 PM, and by appointment
 McCardell Bicen Hall 515
 B.S. Georgetown 2003, Ph.D. Cornell 2009

Research

My biomedical optics research involves looking deep within the body without making an incision. This is similar to ultrasound imaging, except I am interested in using light instead of sound. Light provides superior resolution, allowing you to see details on the cellular level. How can you see through the body? If you have ever looked at a flashlight pressed under your hand, you have witnessed light traveling through thick tissue. Biomedical imaging entails using lasers, nonlinear optics, and other clever tools to extract images from beneath the surface of biological tissue. With applications in cancer research, nanoparticle characterization, fiber optic endoscopes, and in vivo imaging, these efforts together will provide access to a wide array of unlabeled biological structures. By combining concepts in condensed matter physics, electromagnetism, quantum mechanics, optics, and biology, this area of research is ideal for undergraduate learning and an enrichment of their understanding of physics.

Background

Previously, I served as a visiting assistant professor of physics at Bates College. Before that, I was a postdoctoral fellow in the Department of Biomedical Engineering at Boston University. I did my graduate research in nonlinear biomedical optics at the School of Applied and Engineering Physics at Cornell University (Ph.D. in applied physics, 2009). My passion for optics began as an undergraduate at Georgetown University (B.S. in physics, 2003), and I look forward to sharing my enthusiasm with the students at Middlebury College starting in the Fall of 2014.

Research Website

http://sites.middlebury.edu/durst/

 

Publications

2019
Durst, Michael E et al. Dispersion Compensation By A Liquid Lens (Discoball). Applied Optics 58 (2019): 428–435. Web. Applied Optics.
2017
Turcios, Anthony, and Michael E Durst. 3D Imaging With A Temporal Focusing Microscope. Symposium on Undergraduate Research at the annual meeting of the Division of Laser Science of the American Physical Society 2017: LS1A-23. Print. Symposium On Undergraduate Research At The Annual Meeting Of The Division Of Laser Science Of The American Physical Society.
Durst, Michael E et al. 3D Multiphoton Fluorescence Imaging With Temporal Focusing Microscopy. Northeast Regional IDeA Conference 2017: n. pag. Print. Northeast Regional Idea Conference.
Moskovitz, Emma, and Michael E Durst. Optimization Of A Two-Photon Laser Scanning Microscope. Symposium on Undergraduate Research at the annual meeting of the Division of Laser Science of the American Physical Society 2017: LS1A-13. Print. Symposium On Undergraduate Research At The Annual Meeting Of The Division Of Laser Science Of The American Physical Society.
2016
Miller, Emily, and Michael E Durst. Constructing A Wavelength-Tunable, Two-Photon Microscope To Image Green Fluorescent Protein. Symposium on Undergraduate Research at the annual meeting of the Division of Laser Science of the American Physical Society 2016: LTu2J-11. Print. Symposium On Undergraduate Research At The Annual Meeting Of The Division Of Laser Science Of The American Physical Society.
McNeill, Kirsten, and Michael E Durst. Temporal Focusing With Optical Fiber Delivery. Symposium on Undergraduate Research at the annual meeting of the Division of Laser Science of the American Physical Society 2016: LTu2J-12. Print. Symposium On Undergraduate Research At The Annual Meeting Of The Division Of Laser Science Of The American Physical Society.
2015
Laurence, Colin, and Michael E Durst. Characterization Of Ultrashort Laser Pulses. Symposium on Undergraduate Research at the annual meeting of the Division of Laser Science of the American Physical Society 2015: LM2J-17. Print. Symposium On Undergraduate Research At The Annual Meeting Of The Division Of Laser Science Of The American Physical Society.
Epstein, Jacob, and Michael E Durst. Construction Of A Two-Photon Microscope. Symposium on Undergraduate Research at the annual meeting of the Division of Laser Science of the American Physical Society 2015: LM2J-18. Print. Symposium On Undergraduate Research At The Annual Meeting Of The Division Of Laser Science Of The American Physical Society.
2013
Durst, Michael E, and James van Howe. All-Fiber, Wavelength And Repetition-Rate Tunable, Ultrafast Pulse Generation In The 2.0 Μm Region Without Mode-Locking. Journal of Lightwave Technology 31.23 (2013): 3714 - 3718. Web. Journal Of Lightwave Technology.
Côté, Matthew J et al. Enhancement Of Nonlinear Optical Harmonic Generation In Gold Nanorods. Fall Meeting of the Materials Research Society 2013: L9.68. Print. Fall Meeting Of The Materials Research Society.
Curry, Erin, and Michael E Durst. Long-Wavelength Multiphoton Microscopy. Symposium on Undergraduate Research at the annual meeting of the Division of Laser Science of the American Physical Society 2013: LM2A-13. Print. Symposium On Undergraduate Research At The Annual Meeting Of The Division Of Laser Science Of The American Physical Society.
Ansari, Saad, and Michael E Durst. Multiphoton Fluorescence With Simultaneous Spatial And Temporal Focusing. Symposium on Undergraduate Research at the annual meeting of the Division of Laser Science of the American Physical Society 2013: LM2A-10. Print. Symposium On Undergraduate Research At The Annual Meeting Of The Division Of Laser Science Of The American Physical Society.
Afuye, Olalekan, and Michael E Durst. Optical Harmonic Generation In Gold Nanorods. Symposium on Undergraduate Research at the annual meeting of the Division of Laser Science of the American Physical Society 2013: LM2A-6. Print. Symposium On Undergraduate Research At The Annual Meeting Of The Division Of Laser Science Of The American Physical Society.
Shi, Albert, and Michael E Durst. Optical Tweezers: From Microspheres To Atoms. Symposium on Undergraduate Research at the annual meeting of the Division of Laser Science of the American Physical Society 2013: LM2A-4. Print. Symposium On Undergraduate Research At The Annual Meeting Of The Division Of Laser Science Of The American Physical Society.
Kenlock, Kathilee, and Michael E Durst. Photothermal Imaging: Detecting Nanoparticles With Absorption. Symposium on Undergraduate Research at the annual meeting of the Division of Laser Science of the American Physical Society 2013: LM2A-3. Print. Symposium On Undergraduate Research At The Annual Meeting Of The Division Of Laser Science Of The American Physical Society.
2011
Lee, Jennifer H et al. Focusing Of The Lp02 Mode From A Higher Order Mode Fiber. Cleo: Applications And Technologycleo:2011 - Laser Applications To Photonic Applications. Baltimore, MarylandWashington, D.C.: OSA, 2011. JWA103. Web. Cleo: Applications And Technologycleo:2011 - Laser Applications To Photonic Applications.
Durst, Michael E, and Jerome Mertz. Multiphoton Photothermal Imaging In Scattering Samples. Novel Techniques In Microscopyoptics In The Life Sciences. Monterey, CaliforniaWashington, D.C.: OSA, 2011. NMD6. Web. Novel Techniques In Microscopyoptics In The Life Sciences.
2010
Straub, Adam A, Michael E Durst, and Chris Xu. High Speed Axial Scanning In A Temporal Focusing Setup With Piezo Bimorph Mirror Dispersion Tuning. Conference On Lasers And Electro-Opticsconference On Lasers And Electro-Optics 2010. San Jose, CAWashington, D.C.: OSA, 2010. CThT5. Web. Conference On Lasers And Electro-Opticsconference On Lasers And Electro-Optics 2010.
Kobat, Demirhan et al. In Vivo Deep Tissue Imaging With Long Wavelength Multiphoton Excitation. Biosmultiphoton Microscopy In The Biomedical Sciences X. Vol. 7569. San Francisco, California: SPIE, 2010. 75692R - 75692R-5. Web. Biosmultiphoton Microscopy In The Biomedical Sciences X.
2009
Kobat, Demirhan et al. Deep Tissue Multiphoton Microscopy Using Longer Wavelength Excitation. Optics Express 17.16 (2009): 13354. Web. Optics Express.
Straub, Adam, Michael E Durst, and Chris Xu. Enhanced Axial Confinement Of Sum Frequency Generation In A Temporal Focusing Setup. Conference On Lasers And Electro-Opticsconference On Lasers And Electro-Optics/International Quantum Electronics Conference. Baltimore, MarylandWashington, D.C.: OSA, 2009. CWE2. Web. Conference On Lasers And Electro-Opticsconference On Lasers And Electro-Optics/International Quantum Electronics Conference.
Durst, Michael E, and Chris Xu. Kilohertz Tunable Dispersion Compensation With A Bimorph Piezo Deformable Mirror. Conference On Lasers And Electro-Opticsconference On Lasers And Electro-Optics/International Quantum Electronics Conference. Baltimore, MarylandWashington, D.C.: OSA, 2009. CMLL6. Web. Conference On Lasers And Electro-Opticsconference On Lasers And Electro-Optics/International Quantum Electronics Conference.
2008
Durst, Michael E, G Zhu, and C Xu. Simultaneous Spatial And Temporal Focusing In Nonlinear Microscopy. Optics Communications 281.7 (2008): 1796 - 1805. Web. Optics Communications.
Durst, Michael E, and Chris Xu. Tunable Dispersion Compensation By A Rotating Cylindrical Lens. Frontiers In Opticsfrontiers In Optics 2008/Laser Science Xxiv/Plasmonics And Metamaterials/Optical Fabrication And Testing. Rochester, NYWashington, D.C.: OSA, 2008. FThU4. Web. Frontiers In Opticsfrontiers In Optics 2008/Laser Science Xxiv/Plasmonics And Metamaterials/Optical Fabrication And Testing.
2007
Durst, Michael E, Guanghao Zhu, and Chris Xu. Effects Of Refractive-Index Mismatch And Scattering On Simultaneous Spatial And Temporal Focusing. Frontiers In Opticsfrontiers In Optics 2007/Laser Science Xxiii/Organic Materials And Devices For Displays And Energy Conversion. San Jose, CaliforniaWashington, D.C.: OSA, 2007. FTuU2. Web. Frontiers In Opticsfrontiers In Optics 2007/Laser Science Xxiii/Organic Materials And Devices For Displays And Energy Conversion.
2006
Durst, Michael E, Guanghao Zhu, and Chris Xu. Simultaneous Spatial And Temporal Focusing For Remote Axial Scanning In Wide Field Imaging. 2006 Ieee Leos Annual Meeting2006 Ieee Leos Annual Meeting Conference Proceedings. Montreal, QC, Canada: IEEE, 2006. 235 - 236. Web. 2006 Ieee Leos Annual Meeting2006 Ieee Leos Annual Meeting Conference Proceedings.
2005
Zhu, Guanghao et al. Simultaneous Spatial And Temporal Focusing Of Femtosecond Pulses. Conference On Lasers And Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics And Laser Science And Photonic Applications Systems Technologiesconference On Lasers And Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics And Laser Science And Photonic Applications Systems Technologies. Baltimore, Maryland: Optical Society of America, 2005. CWP1. Web. Conference On Lasers And Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics And Laser Science And Photonic Applications Systems Technologiesconference On Lasers And Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics And Laser Science And Photonic Applications Systems Technologies.
Zhu, Guanghao et al. Simultaneous Spatial And Temporal Focusing Of Femtosecond Pulses. Optics Express 13.6 (2005): 2153. Web. Optics Express.
2004
Leeds, AR et al. Integration Of Microfluidic And Microoptical Elements Using A Single-Mask Photolithographic Step. Sensors and Actuators A: Physical 115.2-3 (2004): 571 - 580. Web. Sensors And Actuators A: Physical.
2003
Keuren, Edward Van, Elena Georgieva, and Michael E Durst. Kinetics Of The Growth Of Anthracene Nanoparticles. Journal of Dispersion Science and Technology 24.5 (2003): 721 - 729. Web. Journal Of Dispersion Science And Technology.

Courses

Course List: 

Courses offered in the past four years.
indicates offered in the current term
indicates offered in the upcoming term[s]

FYSE 1548 - Imaging: People and Techniques      

Imaging People
“Look! See what I have discovered!” gasped Antony van Leeuwenhoek, a seventeenth-century pioneer in microscopy, upon seeing cells and other biological structures for the first time. Experience the joy (and frustration) of discovery as we explore the historical development of various biomedical imaging techniques. Students will learn how images are formed through hands-on activities and field trips, with an emphasis on understanding essential physics concepts and communicating the science to a broad audience. Readings will focus on the lives of researchers, including Nobel Prize winners as well as those unrecognized for their work. 3 hrs. sem. CW

Fall 2019

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MBBC 0700 - Senior Research      

Senior Thesis
Seniors conducting independent study in Molecular Biology and Biochemistry should register for MBBC 0700 unless they are completing a thesis project in which case they should register for MBBC 0701. (Approval required).

Winter 2019, Spring 2019, Winter 2020, Spring 2020, Winter 2021, Spring 2021, Spring 2022

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MBBC 0701 - Senior Thesis      

Senior Thesis
Students conducting independent thesis research in Molecular Biology and Biochemistry must register for MBBC 0701 while completing research projects initiated in BIOL 0500, MBBC 0700, or CHEM 0400. Students will organize and lead regular discussions of their research and research methods, and attend weekly meetings with their designated laboratory group to foster understanding of their special area, and practice the stylistic and technical aspects of scientific writing needed to write their thesis. (CHEM 0400 or BIOL 0500 or MBBC 0700) (Approval required).

Winter 2019, Spring 2019, Winter 2020, Spring 2020, Winter 2021, Spring 2021, Spring 2022

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PHYS 0109 - Newtonian Physics      

Newtonian Physics
This calculus-based course examines motion as it occurs throughout the universe. Topics covered include inertia, force, Newton's laws of motion, work and energy, linear momentum, collisions, gravitation, rotational motion, torque, angular momentum, and oscillatory motion.
Emphasis is on practical applications in physics, engineering, the life sciences, and everyday life. Laboratory work and lecture demonstrations illustrate basic physical principles. (MATH 0121 or MATH 0122 concurrent or prior; students who have taken high school calculus or other college
calculus courses should consult with the instructor prior to registration) 3 hrs. lect/3 hrs. lab. DED SCI

Spring 2021

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PHYS 0111 - Thermo, Fluids, Waves & Optics      

Thermodynamics, Fluids, Wave Motion, and Optics
This calculus-based lecture and laboratory course covers concepts from classical physics that are not included in PHYS 0109 and PHYS 0110, and that serve as a bridge between those two courses. Topics include thermal properties of matter, thermodynamics, fluid mechanics, wave
motion, sound, and geometrical and physical optics. This course is strongly recommended for all students otherwise required to take PHYS 0109 and PHYS 0110 as part of a major or a premedical program, and is required for physics majors. (PHYS 0109, MATH 0121, or equivalent) 3 hrs. lect./3 hrs. lab. DED SCI

Spring 2018, Spring 2020, Fall 2020

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PHYS 0241 - Biomedical Imaging      

Biomedical Imaging
Why do we use microscopes for thin tissue slices but x-rays for imaging through the entire body? In this course we will explore the physics of light and life through various biomedical imaging techniques. We will apply the fundamental imaging concepts of resolution, aberration, diffraction, scattering, the Fourier transform, and deconvolution. Most of the course will focus on biomedical optics, including standard optical microscopes, fluorescence imaging, spectroscopy, fiber-optic endoscopes, and laser-scanning microscopes. The latter part of the course will cover non-optical imaging, such as ultrasound, x-ray, and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Students will gain hands-on experience through field trips to a local hospital and the use of the Cell Imaging Facility in McCardell Bicentennial Hall. (PHYS 0111; PHYS 0212 or MATH 0223) 3 hrs. lect. DED SCI

Spring 2017, Fall 2019

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PHYS 0321 - Experimental Physics      

Experimental Techniques in Physics
This course will cover the design and execution of experiments, and the analysis and presentation of data, at an advanced level. Laboratory experiments will be chosen to illustrate the use of electronic, mechanical, and optical instruments to investigate fundamental physical phenomena, such as the properties of atoms and nuclei and the nature of radiation. Skills in computer-based data analysis and presentation will be developed and emphasized. This course satisfies the College writing requirement. (PHYS 0111 concurrent or prior; PHYS 0201 and PHYS 0202 and PHYS 0212; MATH 0200 recommended) 3 hrs. lect./3 hrs. lab/1 hr disc. (Approval required) CW

Spring 2017, Fall 2017

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PHYS 0500 - Ind. Study & Special Topic      

Independent Study and Special Topics
(Approval required)

Spring 2017, Fall 2017, Winter 2018, Spring 2018, Winter 2019, Fall 2019, Winter 2020, Spring 2020, Fall 2020, Winter 2021, Spring 2021, Fall 2021, Spring 2022

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PHYS 0704 - Senior Project      

Senior Project
Independent research project incorporating both written and oral presentations.

Fall 2017, Spring 2021, Spring 2022

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PHYS 0705 - Senior Research & Thesis      

Senior Research and Thesis
Independent research in the fall, winter, and spring terms culminating in a written thesis (two units total). (Approval required)

Spring 2017, Fall 2017, Winter 2018, Spring 2018, Winter 2019, Fall 2019, Winter 2020, Spring 2020, Fall 2020, Winter 2021, Spring 2021, Fall 2021, Spring 2022

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PHYS 1103 - Picture a Physicist      

Picture a Physicist
Picture a physicist. Whom do you see? In this course we will learn about the pioneering physics research done by women, African Americans, and members of other groups that are underrepresented in physics. Through in-class demonstrations and simulations, students will understand the many physics questions that would never have been answered without a diverse group of physicists working to solve them. Students will read about the lives and struggles of these physicists and will examine the hidden and overt obstacles that can hinder their persistence in the field. No prior knowledge of physics is necessary nor expected. (FYSE 1548 students require permission of the instructor.) SCI WTR

Winter 2021

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Department of Physics

McCardell Bicentennial Hall
276 Bicentennial Way
Middlebury College
Middlebury, VT 05753