M.A., Sinology, School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London, December 2007
* Middlebury Summer Language School, Classical Chinese, Middlebury College, 2006
Ph.D., English Literature, Cornell University, January 1997
M.A., English Literature, Cornell University, June 1994
M.F.A., Poetry, Cornell University, January 1992
* Inter-University Program in Chinese Language and Literature (Stanford Center), Taipei, Taiwan, Summers of 1990 & 1992
B.A., with Distinction in English Literature, Pomona College, 1987
Awards and Honors
Aldo and Jeanne Scaglione Prize for an Outstanding Translation of a Literary Work, MLA 2008, awarded for Stèles / 古今碑錄, by Victor Segalen: A Facsimile Critical Edition, co-authored with Christopher Bush. Wesleyan University Press, 2007.
American Academy in Rome, Visiting Scholar, "Sinological Research at the Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana and the Archivio dei Gesuiti," Rome, Italy,March-April 2007
Undergraduate Collaborative Research Fund Award, "Preparing a Glossary for Matteo Ricci's Jiaoyou lun 交友論" with Liz Lyons and Julio Chong, Middlebury College, Spring 2007
Andrew W. Mellon Foundation, New Directions Fellowship, "Sinological Methods for Renaissance Travel Writing," School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London, 2006-2007
Ada Howe Kent Award, for research, "Chinese Editions of Shakespeare," Taipei, Taiwan, Middlebury College, January 2006
NEH Summer Institute Grant, "Handwritten Worlds of Early Modern England," Folger Shakespeare Library, Washington, D.C. June-July 2005
Chiang Ching-kuo Foundation Publication Subvention Award, "A Facsimile Critical Edition of Victor Segalen's Stèles / 古今碑錄 from Wesleyan University Press," May 2005
Shakespeare Association of America Annual Open Paper Contest Winner, "Squashing the Shard-Borne Beetle Crux," March 2005
Folger Shakespeare Library Short-term Research Fellowship, "Glossing Shakespeare: Reading the Plays from the Bottom of the Page," Washington D.C., July-August 2004
Chiang Ching-kuo Foundation, co-recipient of a major grant for "Shakespeare in Asia," an international conference at Stanford University, January 2004
NEH Fellowship (half-year grant), "Bilingual Critical Edition of Victor Segalen's Stèles," January-June 2003
Bogliasco Foundation Fellowship, "Bilingual Critical Edition of Victor Segalen's Stèles," Residency Grant, Bogliasco, Italy, March-April 2003
Undergraduate Collaborative Research Fund Award, "Reading Chinese Sources for Victor Segalen's Stèles," with Anna Bautista, Middlebury College, Spring 2003
Camargo Foundation Fellowship, "Bilingual Critical Edition of Victor Segalen's Stèles," Residency Grant, Cassis, France, September-December 2002
Freeman Foundation Fellowship, "U.S. and East Asia: A Search for Common Values," Salzburg, Austria, Salzburg Seminar, June 2001
Ada Howe Kent Award, curricular development, "Shakespeare in London and Stratford," London and Stratford, U.K., Middlebury College, June 2001
Presidential Fellowship, "Salzburg Seminar: Shakespeare Around the Globe," Salzburg, Austria, Middlebury College, February 2000
Guilford Memorial Dissertation Award, for doctoral dissertation, "Illustrating China: Emblem, Autopsy, and Utopia in Early Modern European Writing," advisors: Tim Murray, Barbara Correll, Walter Cohen, Naoki Sakai; Cornell University, May 1997
Mellon Dissertation Completion Fellowship, one year of support for dissertation writing, English Department, Cornell University, 1995-96
Martin Sampson Teaching Award, for distinguished graduate student teaching, English Department, Cornell University, 1995
Hu Shih Memorial Award, curricular development, "Contemporary Chinese Cinema," Taipei, Taiwan, Cornell East Asia Program, Cornell University, Summer 1992
FLAS Fellowship Award, Mandarin, Inter-University Program in Chinese Language and Literature (Stanford Center), Taipei, Taiwan, Cornell University, Summer 1992
Hu Shih Memorial Award, "Taiwanese New Wave Cinema," Taipei, Taiwan, Cornell East Asia Program, Winter 1991
Chasen Memorial Long-Poem Prize, for M.F.A. thesis, "Fu / 復: The Point of Return" (original poetry and translation), Cornell University, 1990
Sage Graduate Fellowship, M.F.A. in poetry, Cornell University, 1988-89
Best Senior Critical Essay Prize, Pomona College, 1987
Best Senior Creative Writing Prize, Pomona College, 1987
Professor of English and American Literatures, Middlebury College (2010-)
Introduction to Literary Theory (ENAM 205): Fall 2010
Reading Literature (ENAM 103): Fall 2010
Shakespeare and History (HIST/ENAM 350): Spring 2011
Chinese Poetry in the Far West (ENAM 325): Spring 2011
Associate Professor of English, Middlebury College (2005-)
English Renaissance Drama (ENAM 216): Spring 2010
Shakespearean Sources (ENAM 429): Spring 2010
Shakespeare: Extreme Sonnets: Winter Term 2009
Literature and Philosophy of Friendship (First Year Seminar), Fall 2009
Chinese Poetry in the Far West (ENAM 325): Fall 2008
Foundations of English Literature: Chaucer, Spenser, Milton, Fall 2008, Spring 2009
Women and 17th-Century Theatre (Senior Seminar), Spring 2006, Spring 2008
Interpretation of Literature (ENGL 203), Spring 2006
Shakespeare: The Man and the Myth (First Year Seminar), Fall 2005, Fall 2007
Shakespeare and Contexts (ENGL 330), Fall 2005, Fall 2007, Spring 2009, Fall 2009
Senior Comprehensive Program, Winter 2007
Assistant Professor of English, Middlebury College (1998-2005):
World Literature (LI101), Spring 2005, Fall 2003, Spring 2002, Fall 2000
Renaissance Zoography(ENGL 1006), Winter 2005
Shakespeare and Contexts (ENGL 330 and EL 321), Spring 2004, Fall 2004, Fall 2001, Spring 2001, Spring 2000, Fall 1998
Renaissance Drama (EL 324 and ENGL 216), Spring 2005, Spring 2004, Fall 1999, Spring 2008
Foundations: Chaucer, Shakespeare, Milton (ENGL 204), Fall 2004, Spring 2000, Spring 1999
Shakespeare and the Politics of Appropriation (Senior Seminar, EL 400), Fall 2003
Nature's Renaissance (EL 311), Spring 2002
Shakespeare in London and Stratford (*Off-campus Course, EL 003), Winter 2002
Renaissance Emblem Literature (First Year Seminar, FYS 003), Fall 2001
Renaissance Melancholy (EL 032), Winter 2001
Interpretation of Literature (EL 203), Spring 2001, Fall 1998
Shakespeare: The Movie (Senior Seminar, EL 423), Fall 2000, Spring 1999
Senior Comprehensive Program, Winter 2000 and Winter 1999
Dreams of Cleopatra (First Year Seminar, FYS 013), Fall 1999
Independent Study in Writing Poetry (EL 700-701), Fall 2004, Spring 1999, Fall 1998
Visiting Assistant Professor, Colgate University (1997-98):
17th Century Literature: Topics in Theory and Early Modern Literature (ENGL 386), Spring 1998
Approaches to Literature and Culture: Dreams of Cleopatra (ENGL 205), Spring 1998, Fall 1997
Creative Writing Workshop (ENGL 217), Fall 1997
Understanding China: Culture, Identity, and the "West" (CORE 165), Fall 1997
Lecturer, Cornell University (1996-1997):
Introduction to Drama: Renaissance and Restoration (ENGL 272), Fall 1996
Freshman Writing Seminar: Dreams of Cleopatra (Engl 105), Spring 1997
Graduate Teaching Assistantships, Cornell University (1993-94):
Shakespeare (ENGL 327), Fall 1994, for Barbara Correll; Fall 1993, for Gordon Teskey
Graduate Instructor, Freshman Writing Seminars, Cornell University, (1989-93):
Shakespeare and Film (ENGL 127), Spring 1993
Writing About Film (ENGL 108), Spring 1995, Spring 1991, Spring 1992
Contemporary Chinese Cinema (Asian Studies, AS 108), Fall 1992
Literatures of Fantasy (ENGL 165), Fall 1989, Spring 1990
M.F.A. Lecturer, Cornell University (1990-91):
Creative Writing: Poetry and Fiction (ENGL 280), 1990-91
On Friendship: One Hundred Maxims for a Chinese Prince / Jiaoyou lun 交友論 (1595), by Matteo Ricci, edited and translated. Columbia University Press, 2009.
Stèles / 古今碑錄, by Victor Segalen: A Facsimile Critical Edition, co-authored with Christopher Bush. Wesleyan University Press, 2007. (Winner of the Aldo and Jeanne Scaglione Prize for an Outstanding Translation of a Literary Work, MLA 2008, and a Publication Subsidy Award from the Chiang Ching-kuo Foundation, July 2005. ☞http://www.steles.org).
Other Selected Publications
"La Chine Illustreé of Athanasius Kircher," in Hidden Treasure: 175 Years of the National Library of Medicine. Washington, D.C., National Library of Medicine. Forthcoming in 2011.
"Glossing Shakespeare in Chinese Translation: Liang Shiqiu, Zhu Shenghao, and 暴風雨 (The Tempest)." Shakespeare Yearbook, Vol. 17: Shakespeare and Asia, ed. Yang, Lingui, Douglas A. Brooks, and Ashley Brinkman. New York: Edwin Mellen Press, 2010.
"Untranslation Theory: The Nestorian Stele and the Jesuit Illustration of China." Sinographies: Writing China, ed. Eric Hayot, Haun Saussy, and Steven Yao (Minneapolis: U of Minnesota P, 2007), 89-114.
"Masculine in Case: Grammar Lessons and Gender Identity in Hic Mulier and The Merry Wives of Windsor." Class, Boundary and Social Discourse in the Renaissance, ed. Alexander C. Y. Huang, I-Chun Wang, and Mary Theis (Taiwan: National Sun Yat-sen University, 2007), 87-106.
"The Emperor of China His Letter to the Queene / 1600," The Folger Institute: From the Archive: Handwritten Worlds of Early Modern England [a transcription and translation with notes of a two-page manuscript letter purporting to be an Italian translation of a Chinese letter to Queen Elizabeth] (Folger MS V.a. 321)
"Squashing the Shard-Borne Beetle Crux: A Hard Case with a Few Pat Readings," Shakespeare Quarterly, vol. 56, no. 4 (Winter 2005): 434-47.
"Two New Sources for Shakespeare's Bawdy French" (Notes and Queries, vol. 2, no. 52, June 2005): 49-51. ☞http://nq.oxfordjournals.org/cgi/reprint/52/2/202
"Jesuit Fish in Chinese Nets: Athanasius Kircher and the Translation of the Nestorian Tablet," Representations, vol. 87 (Summer 2004), 1-42. ☞http://www.jstor.org.ezproxy.middlebury.edu/stable/10.1525/rep.2004.87.1.1
"Caterwauling Cataians: The Genealogy of a Gloss," Shakespeare Quarterly, vol. 54, no. 1 (Spring 2003): 1-28. ☞ http://muse.jhu.edu/journals/shakespeare_quarterly/v054/54.1billings.pdf and also http://www.jstor.org/stable/3844118
"New Books on Shakespeare and Film": review essay (6,000 words) on Shakespeare on Film, ed. Robert Shaughnessey,and Shakespeare: The Movie, eds. Richard Burt and Lynda Boose, in Medieval and Renaissance Drama in England, vol. 13 (2001): 235-241.
"Cataians 的爭論和 Cathay 的誤用 — 莎劇中關於'中國人'的注譯" trans. Zhang Qian, Xiju Yishu (Shanghai) 97 (May 2000): 32-41. [A different version of the study of "Cataian" in Shakespeare emphasizing Chinese translations and Chinese criticism.]
"Visible Cities: The Heterotopic Utopia of China in Early Modern European Writing," Genre: Forms of Discourse and Culture, 30 (Fall/Winter 1997): 105-134. [Special issue on "Space, Place, and Signs in Early Modern Studies," ed. Bernadette Andrea.]
Victor Segalen's "Éloge du jade" and "Trahison fidèle," from Stèles, translated with Christopher Bush, in The Yale Book of Twentieth Century French Poetry, ed. Mary Ann Caws (Yale UP, 2004), 86-88.
Review of Shashibiya: Staging Shakespeare in China (Hong Kong UP, 2004), by Li Ruru, Shakespeare Quarterly, vol. 57, no. 4 (Winter 2006), 462-64.
Imagining China: The View from Europe (1550-1700) / 映像中國，歐洲觀點 (1550–1700)," guest curator, Folger Shakespeare Library, Washington, D.C., September-January, 2009-2010. [The season-leading exhibition in the Great Hall featuring rare European books and maps from the Folger collection, late Ming and early Qing Chinese books from the Library of Congress as well as porcelains from the Walters Art Museum in Baltimore.
* "Looking for Matteo's Other Self in the Jiaoyou lun (Essay on Friendship)," for The World of Matteo Ricci, Penn State University, January 2011
* "Imagining China: The View from Europe (1550–1700)," Folger Shakespeare Library, September 2009: a discussion of highlights and backgrounds for the Folger Exhibition on display.
* "Shakespeare in China," South Street Seminar, May 2009: a luncheon lecture at the Middlebury College president's house to the Trustee Spouses Association.
* "Untranslation Theory: Rendering Steles from China to France, Kircher to Segalen," by invitation, Smith College, 9 March 2009.
* "Remaking Monuments: Impressions of the Nestorian Stele in Europe," by invitation, University of Pennsylvania, History of Material Texts Seminar, 10 November 2008.
* "Much Virtue in If, or Playing What You Will in As You Like It." Weston Playhouse Theatre Co., Teacher’s Workshop, keynote address, Weston, Vermont, March 2008.
* "Glossing Shakespeare in Chinese, or: Heteroglosses and How We Read," by invitation, Pomona College, January 2007.
* "Glossing Shakespeare in Chinese, or: Heteroglosses and How We Read," by invitation, Queen's University Belfast, October 2006.
* "The Great City of China: the 'Long Wall' in Early European Texts," by invitation, SUNY Buffalo, October 2005, for an international conference on The Roles and Representations of Walls in the Reshaping of Chinese Modernity sponsored by the departments of History and Asian Studies.
* "Squashing the Shard-Borne Beetle Crux," paper read as winner of the Annual Open Paper Contest of the Shakespeare Association of America, Annual Convention, Bermuda, March 2005.
* "Fausse French Enough: Shakespeare's French and the Texts of Henry V," Cornell University, October 2003, by invitation, for Making the Text, a conference on medieval and early modern texts sponsored by the Cornell Department of English.
* "Shakespeare and the Value of Difference," by invitation, Freeman Foundation Seminar, Salzburg, Austria, June 2001 (see Workshops below).
* "Caterwauling Cataians: Annotating Shakespeare's 'Heathen Chinee,'" by invitation, Renaissance Colloquium, Harvard University, December 2000.
* "The Most Womanly Woman: 2,000 Years of Representing Cleopatra," by invitation, Humanities Colloquium, Colgate University, April 1998.
* "Character-Building: Chen Kaige's King of the Children and the Cinematic Hieroglyph," by invitation, East Asia Program Faculty Research Group, Cornell University, 1995.
* "一個美國詩人眼中的臺灣女性文學" [An American Poet's Perspective on Taiwanese Women's Writing], by invitation, keynote address in Mandarin, National Younger Writers' Association Conference, Taipei, 1993.
* "Re-framing the Shrew," The Baltimore Shakespeare Festival, Baltimore, MD, July 2008: a pre-show lecture sponsored by the Baltimore chapter of the Middlebury Alumni Association.
* "No Gentlemen in Verona (and a Bit with a Dog)," The Folger Shakespeare Library, Washington, D.C., November 2004: a pre-show lecture and discussion on the adaptation of The Two Gentlemen of Verona at The Folger Shakespeare Theatre, sponsored by the Washington chapter of the Middlebury College Alumni Association.
* "Margaret Edson's W;t and the Poetry of John Donne," The Brigg's Opera House, White River Junction, Vermont, April 2000: a Sunday afternoon pre-performance lecture on what you need to know about Donne and his poetry to make the most of Edson's play.
RSA (Renaissance Society of America) Annual Convention, Venice, Italy, April 2010: Panel Chair for Early Modern England and Islamic Worlds, and Organizer for Reorienting the East: "Matteo Ricci’s Chinese De Amicitia (1595)"
ACLA (American Comparative Lit. Assoc.) Annual Convention, Harvard University, March 2009: "Global Friendship: Matteo Ricci and the Sharing of Wealth"
MLA (Modern Language Assoc.) Annual Convention, Chicago, December 2007: "Slubbering the Gloss and Other Crucial Pleasures," Shakespeare Division Panel
Shakespeare, les français, les France, Université Paris (3) Diderot, Paris, June 2007: "Editing Shakespeare’s French"
ISA (International Shakespeare Assoc.) World Shakespeare Congress, Brisbane, Australia, June 2006: Seminar Co-chair with Zhang Chong for Shakespeare In/To Other Tongues
ACLA Annual Convention, Princeton University, April 2006: "Where the Meanings, Are: Internal Difference and the Edited Shakespearean Text"
SAA (Shakespeare Assoc. of America) Annual Convention, Philadelphia, April 2006: "Fausse French Enough: Shakespeare's French and the Texts of Henry V (revision)"
ACLA Convention, Penn State University, March 2005: Seminar Co-chair with Haun Saussy for Re-Orienting Empire: The Topos of Imperial Asia(s): "The Glyphomantic Turn: Subversive Ideography and the Cinematic Hieroglyph" [SAA Annual Convention, Bermuda, March 2005: see "Invited Lectures"]
MLA (Modern Language Assoc.) Annual Convention, Philadelphia, December 2004: "Liang's Labours Lost: or, Glossing 'Shashi' in Chinese Translations"
SAA Annual Convention, New Orleans, April 2004:
"Fausse French Enough: Shakespeare's French and the Texts of Henry V"
ACLA Annual Convention, Ann Arbor, April 2004:
"Relocating Translation: On Gayatri Spivak's Death of a Discipline"
SAA Convention, Victoria B.C., April 2003: Chair of Advanced Research Seminar: "Shakespeare in Asian Tongues."
ACLA Annual Convention, San Juan, Puerto Rico, April 2002:
"Mots cachés: Bilingual Reading and the Manuscripts of Victor Segalen's Stèles"
ACLA Annual Convention, Boulder, April 2001:
"Monumental Materiality: Victor Segalen's Stèle Nestorienne"
Cairo International Conference of Comparative Literature, Cairo University, November 2000: "Monumental Materiality: Victor Segalen's Stèle Nestorienne"
MLA Annual Convention, Chicago, December 1999: "Fansi-Maps"
AAS (Association for Asian Studies) Annual Convention, Boston, March 1999: "Presumptions of Perspective: European Figures in the Late Ming"
RSA, Los Angeles, March 1999: "Fansi-Maps"
ACLA Annual Convention, Montreal, April 1999: Seminar Chair for Ideology and the East: The Division of East and West in Literary Transnationalism; "Witnessing Cathay: How Benedict Goes Discovered China"
ACLA Annual Convention, Austin, March, 1998: "The Nestorian Tableau: Jesuit Identity and the Illustration of China"
SAA Annual Convention, Cleveland, March, 1998: "Cauterwauling Cataians and the Catachresis of Cathay: Glossing Shakespeare's 'Heathen Chinee'"
NYCAS (New York Coalition for Asian Studies) & CeMERS Joint Conference, Binghamton, October, 1997: "The Chinese Utopolis: Market-square, Microcosm"
AAS Annual Convention, Chicago, March 1997: "The ABCs of Hieroglyphic Reading: from Athanasius Kircher to Stanley Kwan"
GEMCS (Group for Early Modern Cultural Studies), Panel Chair, 1996:
"The China Cabinet of Dr. Kircher"
* "Making Friends with the Kangxi Zidian 康熙字典." Written as a bibliographic exercise, this occasional paper outlines the basic facts of the Kangxi imperial dictionary (1716) and provides the first translation into a European language of the emperor's preface (御製康熙字典序). See link on Wikipedia.
Seminars, Workshops, Etc.
* Middlebury Alumni College, "Shakespeare’s Sonnets," Breadloaf Campus, Vermont, August 2010. Taught an intensive, four-day residential seminar on Shakespeare’s sonnets to Middlebury Alumni aged from 30 to 90.
* Literary Consultant for Twelfth Night, directed by Alex Draper, Wright Theatre, Middlebury College, 2008.
* NEH Summer Institute, "The Handwritten Worlds of Early Modern England," directed by Stephen May at the Folger Shakespeare Library, Washington, D.C., June-July 2005. A six-week long collaborative, intensive study by specialists for specialists of Renaissance manuscripts centered around the collection at the Folger Library.
* Shakespeare in Asia: An International Conference (Stanford University), April 2004. Co-organizer and co-grantwriter, with Patricia Parker and Haun Saussy.
* U.S. and East Asia: A Search for Common Values, Freeman Foundation Seminar, June 1-June 6, 2001, Salzburg, Austria. By invitation, a seminar comprised of previous fellows of the Salzburg Seminar in different disciplines, all of whom work on some aspect of relations between "East" and "West," especially East Asia and the United States.
* Shakespeare Around the Globe, Salzburg Seminar (no. 374), February 23-March 1, 2000, Salzburg, Austria. A week-long conference/workshop on the adaptation, translation, and reception of Shakespeare in universities and theatres around the world, including participants from 37 countries.
* Appropriations, a workshop of invited participants on topics of textual and cultural translation around the "East" and "West," directed by Haun Saussy, Stanford University, May, 2000.
* "Race in the Renaissance Classroom," a workshop at the SAA Convention, Montreal, Canada, April 2000: participant.
* The Uses of Cartography, a workshop of the Atlantic History Seminar, Harvard University, April 1999: participant.
* First International Dunhuang Seminar on Art & Society, June-July 1998, Dunhuang, P.R.C. A month-long, intensive, inter-disciplinary seminar for faculty and graduate students on the ancient art, religion, and material culture of this "Silk Route" site, at the Thousand Buddha Caves (莫高窟) in the Gobi desert. Directed by Wu Hong and Ning Qiang.
Courses offered in the past four years.
▲ indicates offered in the current term
▹ indicates offered in the upcoming term[s]
CMLT0317 / ENAM0317 - Lost & Found in Translation
Lost & Found in Translation
In this course we will explore the fundamental philosophical, sociological, and linguistic questions raised by translingual communication through a survey of the greatest theoretical writings on translation together with a comparative study of multiple translations of coherent sections from major works such as the Bible, the Iliad, One Thousand and One Nights, and the Tao Te Ching, as well as other shorter texts. Questions to be considered include: How much does language determine how we think? How much of language is culture? What is unique to translating sacred texts, poetry, “exotic” languages, and dead languages? How do we define the “untranslatable”? Are translators traitors, drudges, or artists? Can machines translate? 3 hrs. lect./disc. AAL CMP LIT NOA
Spring 2015, Fall 2016
CMLT0500 - Independent Study
Fall 2015, Fall 2016
CRWR0560 - Special Project: Writing ▹
Special Project: Creative Writing
Fall 2013, Fall 2016, Fall 2017
CRWR0701 - Senior Thesis:Creative Writing ▲ ▹
Senior Thesis: Creative Writing
Discussions, workshops, tutorials for those undertaking one-term projects in the writing of fiction, poetry, or creative nonfiction.
Fall 2013, Spring 2014, Spring 2016, Fall 2016, Spring 2017, Fall 2017, Spring 2018
CRWR0711 - Senior Thesis: Creative Writ.
Senior Thesis: Creative Writing
Discussions, workshops, tutorials for those undertaking two-term projects in the writing of fiction, poetry, or creative nonfiction. (Formerly ENAM 0711)
Fall 2013, Spring 2014
ENAM0103 - Reading Literature ▲
Please refer to each section for specific course descriptions. CW LIT
Fall 2014, Spring 2017
ENAM0204 - Foundations of English Lit.
Foundations of English Literature (I) (Pre-1800)
Students will study Chaucer's Canterbury Tales and Milton's Paradise Lost, as well as other foundational works of English literature that may include Shakespeare, non-Shakespearean Elizabethan drama, the poetry of Donne, and other 16th- and 17th-century poetry. 3 hrs. lect./disc. EUR LIT
ENAM0216 - The Tragedy of Revenge
The Tragedy of Revenge (I)
In this course we will explore the vogue for mutilation, murder, madness (real and feigned), torture, vengeful ghosts, plot twists, and meta-plays within plays, all combined with macabre humor and plenty of blood for an afternoon’s entertainment on the English stage circa 1600. Why must revenge be so ghastly and so utterly irresistible? Readings include masterpieces of dramatic literature by Thomas Kyd, George Chapman, Christopher Marlowe, John Marston, William Shakespeare, Thomas Middleton, and John Webster. In addition to examining the moral, ethical, historical, and social implications of the genre in its own day, we will compare them with how fictional narratives of vengeance and vigilantism seem to function for popular audiences today. 3 hrs. lect/disc. EUR LIT
ENAM0311 / ENVS0311 - Nature's Renaissance
Nature’s Renaissance: Ecostudies and Early English Literature (Pre-1800) (I)
In this course we will study a wide variety of literary and non-literary texts (from lyric poetry to proto-scientific and philosophical essays) that highlight both traditional and changing conceptions of “nature” pre-dating the genre of nature-writing as it has evolved over the last two hundred years. We will read these works using the tools of modern ecocriticism (with an emphasis on class, race, gender, ecology, and environmental justice) while also striving to understand these works in historical context. Topics include the microscopic and the macrocosmic, “freaks” of nature, the human/animal, bestiaries and early zoography, angling, hunting, hawking, the pastoral, country houses, harvest festivals, fair land use and enclosure, poetic inspiration, human anatomy, biological determinism, and artifice. Readings may include Spenser, Jonson, Marvell, Lanyer, Herrick, Walton, Milton, Finch, Montaigne, and Bacon, among others. 3 hrs. lect. EUR LIT
ENAM0325 / CMLT0325 - Chinese Poetry in the Far West ▲
Chinese Poetry in the Far West
Although Tang poetry is recognized as one of the great achievements of world literature, much of its beauty is often lost in translation. In this course—intended for students with no knowledge of Chinese—we will thus devote a significant portion of our time learning from scratch how to read Tang poetry in the original by studying the most common characters and the most fundamental grammatical structures found in the Tang “sonnet.” We will also discuss such topics as: differences between Chinese and European poetics; theories of translation and intercultural adaptation; Orientalist fantasies of the ideogram; and the impact of Chinese poetry on Imagism. Students will study and write multiple translations in various styles. Readings will include both poetry and critical theory. No knowledge of Chinese is necessary. 3 hrs. lect./disc. CMP LIT
Spring 2014, Spring 2017
ENAM0330 - Shakespeare's Career ▹
Shakespeare’s Career (I) (Pre-1800)
In this course we will study the whole arc of William Shakespeare's literary career from the earliest histories, comedies, and non-dramatic poetry to the more mature tragedies and romances, with an eye to understanding Shakespeare’s development as a writer in his own time. How might the plays have resonated for his first audiences on stage, and how have subsequent readers drawn their own meanings from the published texts? Reading one play a week, we will pay close attention to such dramaturgical issues as Shakespeare’s construction of character and of plot, his adaptation of sources, and his modes of versification, as well as the ethical, political, and commercial implications of Shakespeare’s works during his lifetime, some of which stand in contrast with what we learn from them today. 3 hrs. lect./1 hr. disc./3 hrs. screen. EUR LIT
Fall 2013, Spring 2015, Fall 2015, Fall 2016, Fall 2017
ENAM0413 - Turning Turk: Muslims & Moors
Turning Turk: Muslims, Moors, and Renegades on the Early English Stage (I) (Pre-1800)
People tend to think that popular fears about youth converting to Islam in predominantly Christian countries is a contemporary phenomenon, but the threat and seduction of Islamic power—and the specter of “turning Turk”—loomed large in the early English imagination, and was dramatized in over a dozen Elizabethan and Jacobean plays. In this course we will study the most significant of these plays together with critical and historical readings that reveal the full extent of English encounters with the Ottoman empire and the Arab world in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, with attention to the construction of race, ethnicity, and national identity. Readings will include Peele, Greene, Daborne, Massinger, Heywood, Dekker, Marlowe, and Shakespeare, among others. 3 hrs. sem. (Diversity)/ EUR LIT
ENAM0500 - Special Project: Lit ▲ ▹
Special Project: Literature
Fall 2013, Spring 2014, Fall 2014, Spring 2015, Fall 2015, Winter 2016, Spring 2016, Fall 2016, Winter 2017, Spring 2017, Fall 2017, Spring 2018
ENAM0700 - Senior Thesis:Critical Writing ▲ ▹
Senior Thesis: Critical Writing
Individual guidance and seminar (discussions, workshops, tutorials) for those undertaking one-term projects in literary criticism or analysis. All critical thesis writers also take the Senior Thesis Workshop (ENAM 700Z) in either Fall or Spring Term.
Fall 2013, Spring 2014, Fall 2014, Spring 2015, Fall 2015, Spring 2016, Fall 2016, Spring 2017, Fall 2017, Spring 2018
ENAM0710 - Senior Thesis: Critical Writ.
Senior Thesis: Critical Writing
Individual guidance and seminar (discussions, workshops, tutorials) for those undertaking two-term projects in literary criticism or analysis. All critical thesis writers also take the thesis workshop (ENAM 710z) in both Fall and Spring terms.
ENAM1027 / CMLT1027 - England's Ovid: Font of Myths
England’s Ovid: The Font of Myths (I) (Pre-1800)
In this course we will read Ovid’s Latin compendium of mythical stories, the Metamorphoses, in the same version that Shakespeare and so many other English poets read: the 16th-century poetic translation by Arthur Golding, which Ezra Pound called “the most beautiful book in the English language.” We will discuss and critique the myths themselves (with an emphasis on oral storytelling) and occasionally explore how some of them reemerge in other English literature. In order to appreciate the particular qualities of Golding’s translation, we will read it alongside George Sandys’s elaborately engraved 1623 translation (a rare first edition of which is owned by Middlebury College), and compare both to one or two recent literal translations. EUR LIT WTR
FYSE1272 - Lit.& Philosophy of Friendship
Literature and Philosophy of Friendship
In this seminar we will explore major works of literature and philosophy from earlier centuries on the ideal of friendship. What are the traditional obligations of “true” friendship? Are they different from those of the Facebook age? Is friendship like love? Is true friendship between the sexes possible? Does racial difference affect friendship? Is homoeroticism or homophobia part of friendship? Readings include Plato, Aristotle, Plutarch, Cicero, Shakespeare, Montaigne, Bacon, Kant, Emerson, and Thoreau as well as selected texts in non-European traditions. Special emphasis will be placed on grammar, rhetorical style, public speaking, and multimedia presentation. 3 hrs. sem. E CW EUR LIT
Fall 2013, Fall 2015
FYSE1491 - Shakespeare's Sonnets ▹
From Nature to Environment
In this course we will read and discuss poems about nature and the environment from a variety of historical periods, cultural traditions, and languages, with an emphasis on modern poetry written in English. As we explore the techniques used by poets to describe the biophysical environment we will also develop critical thinking, reading, writing, and speaking skills, bringing multiple interpretive approaches to bear. We will read and write about poems by Christopher Marlowe, Amelia Lanyer, Andrew Marvell, George Crabbe, William Wordsworth, John Clare, Gerard Manley Hopkins, Emily Dickinson, Thomas Hardy, Langston Hughes, Elizabeth Bishop, Pablo Neruda, Stanley Kunitz, Mary Oliver, Camille Dungy, and others. CW