Michael Kraus

Frederick C. Dirks Professor of Political Science

 work(802) 443-5306
 On Leave Academic Years 2017-2019
 on leave academic year

Michael Kraus, Frederick C. Dirks Professor of Political Science, directs Russian and East European studies at Middlebury College. Native of Prague, he earned his Ph.D. in Politics at Princeton. He is the recipient of major national fellowships from the National Council of Soviet and East European Research, Ford Foundation, the International Research & Exchanges Board (IREX), Fulbright-Hays, Rotary International Foundation, the American Council of Learned Societies and the Social Science Research Council. His publications include Irreconcilable Differences? Explaining Czechoslovakia's Dissolution; Russia and Eastern Europe After Communism: The Search for New Political, Economic, and Security Systems; Perestroika and East-West Economic Relations: Prospects for the 1990s, as well as book chapters and articles in the Journal of Democracy, Current History, Foreign Policy, Politique Internationale, New England Review, European Affairs, and elsewhere.

He has held research and teaching appointments at Harvard's Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs and at the Kennedy School's Carr Center for Human Rights Policy, Columbia University's Harriman Institute, Stanford University's Hoover Institution, George Washington University's Institute for European, Russian & Eurasian Studies, Charles University's Institute of Political Studies (in Prague) and Princeton's Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs.


Faculty Expert Profile

Michael Kraus Faculty Expert Profile

Recent Publications

“Czechoslovakia’s Dissolution Twenty Years After” in Mark Stolarik, ed., The Czech and Slovak Republics: Twenty Years of Independence, 1993-2013, (Budapest-Boston: Central European Press, 2016)

“Rusko nelze ani ignorovat, ani izolovat, ani přeceňovat.” (“Russia cannot be ignored or isolated or overestimated”) in Karel Hvížďala, ed.,  Evropa, Rusko, teroristé a běženci (Europe, Russia, Terorrists and Refugees), (Prague: Mlada fronta, 2016).

“The Countries that Gave me a Second Chance as a Refugee,” Open Society Foundations, November 23, 2015: https://www.opensocietyfoundations.org/voices/countries-gave-me-second-chance-refugee  

“Twenty Five Years of Transitional Justice and Coming to Terms with The Past in Central and Eastern Europe”) in Luba Hedlova and Radka Sustrova, eds., Česká paměť: Národ, dějiny a místa paměti (“Czech Memory: The Nation, History, and Places of Memory”) (Prague: Akademia Publishers, 2015)

“Russia as a Lonely Power,” a two-part interview (in Czech) with Karel Hvizdala about the crisis in Ukraine and East Europe; 4/16 and 4/20, 2015:  http://nazory.aktualne.cz/rozhovory/michael-kraus-rusko-je-osamela-velmoc-nema-co-nabidnout/r~a391a8a0deb711e4a788002590604f2e/ also translated and published in English in The New Presence magazine: http://www.pritomnost.cz/en/society/896-we-are-falling

“Za Ludvíkem Rybáčkem,” Paměť a dějiny, 1, 2014 (a portrait of one the leaders of the Prague Spring 1968 reforms)

“Institute for the Study of Totalitarian Regimes and Security Services Archive,” in Lavinia Stan and Nadya Nedelsky, eds,  Encyclopedia of Transitional Justice (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2013), vol. 3, pp. 195-200

“On the Origins and the Activities of a Czech Institution of Memory,” ("Ke vzniku a činnosti české instituce paměti") Paměť a dějiny VII, 2, Spring 2013) http://www.ustrcr.cz/data/pdf/pamet-dejiny/pad1302/129-131.pdf

“When institutional loyalty binds,” (“Když loajalita k instituci zavazuje,)” Denik Referendum, May 7, 2013

“Confronting Acts of Terror,” Hospodarske noviny, April 17, 2013, (interview in Czech)

“Obama the Second Time Around,” (“Obama podruhe,”) Orientace-Lidove noviny, Feb. 2, 2013

“Assessing First Direct Presidential Elections” (in Czech Republic) Hospodarske noviny, January 28, 2013

“Reassessing the Soviet-Czechoslovak Crisis of 1968,” Journal of Cold War Studies, vol. 14, no. 4, 2012, pp. 216-223

"A Country that Doesn't Trust its Own Parliament," in Lidove noviny (Prague), 29 May 2010

"The Prague Spring Revisited," in M. Mark Stolarik, ed., The Prague Spring and the Warsaw Pact Invasion of Czechoslovakia, 1968: Forty Years Later (Chicago: Bolchazy-Carducci Publishers, Inc., 2010)

"Obama's First Year," in MFDnes (Prague), 20 January 2010

Švejnarova zkušební jízda," ("Švejnar's trial balloon campaign") interview with Karel Hvíždala, Reflex, no. 13, 2008, http://www.reflex.cz/Clanek31666.html

“La Charte 77, trente ans après," (Charter 77 after Thirty Years) La Charte 77: Origines et Heritages, La Nouvelle Alternative (Paris), vol. 22, no. 72-73, mars-juin 2007, pp. 141-153

"Rusko - co od něj můžeme čekat a jakou bude mít budoucnost?" ("Whither Russia? Our Expectations vs. Russia's Challenges,"), monograph, co-authored, Center for Economic, Political, and Social Studies, Prague, No. 20, September 2007

“Letter from Prague: A Tale of Two Vaclavs,” European Affairs, nos. 2-3, Summer/Fall 2007

“Did the Charter 77 Movement Bring an End to Communism?” New England Review, Volume 28, Number 2 / 2007

"K zásadním reformám vládu donutí jedině krize" (“Only a Crisis Will Force the Government to Enact Real Reforms”), Hospodářské noviny, 11 May 2006

"American Constitution" and "International Telecommunication Union" (co-author) in the World's Most Enduring Institutions,Booz Allen Hamilton, December 2004

"O zacatku globalniho informacniho veku a demokratizaci medii," ("The Dawn of the Global Information Age and the Democratization of Media,") in Karel Hvizdala, Moc a nemoc medii (The Power and the Sickness of the Media) Prague: Dokoran, 2003

Russia and Eastern Europe After Communism: The Search for New Political, Economic and Security Systems.Edited with Ronald D. Liebowitz. Boulder: Westview Press; published online by Questia Media America, Inc. (www.questia.com <http://www.questia.com>), 2003

"The Czech Republic's First Decade, " Journal of Democracy, No. 2, April 2003, Vol. 14

"Vaclav Havel jako politicky vudce," (Vaclav Havel as a Political Leader), Hospodarske noviny, February 5, 2003

"The End of the Czech Press?" (review article), Foreign Policy, January/February 2003; also selected for inclusion in the Arabic edition of Foreign Policy, January/February 2003

"Ani Klaus, ani Zeman," ("Neither Klaus nor Zeman"), Mlada fronta dnes,J anuary 15, 2003

"Bushova doktrina se rozsiruje," ("Bush's Doctrine is Expanding"), Mlada fronta dnes, January 31, 2002

Irreconcilable Differences? Explaining Czechoslovakia's Dissolution, co-edited and co-translated (with Allison Stanger), Foreword by Vaclav Havel, Rowman and Littlefield, 2000

Research Interests

Comparative Democratization
Russian and European Politics
Transitional Justice
Ethnic Conflict

Program in International and Global Studies

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