Middlebury Language School Graduate Programs


Bachir Adjil




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indicates offered in the upcoming term[s]

FREN 3429 - Cinema Maghreb & Immigration      

This course will study the historical and cultural aspects of the Maghreb and immigration though cinema. It will explore the double image that characterizes this type of cinema. The first image will focus on the French vision of the Maghreb and its representation in France’s former colonies. The second image will focus on Maghrebian directors and their vision of their societies. We will also explore the integration in France of the second generation of immigrants (the ""Beurs""), especially issues of citizenship, exile, etc. Examples will be taken from films such as: Julien Duvivier’s ""Pépé le Moko"", Gillo Pontecorvo ‘s ""La Bataille d'Alger"", M. Allouache ‘s ""Omar"", C. Ruggia ‘s ""Le Gone du Chaaba"", Y. Benguigui ‘s ""Inchallah dimanche"" and A. Kechiche’s ""La Graine et le mulet"", among others.

No textbooks required

Summer 2011, Summer 2012, Summer 2013, Summer 2014 Language Schools

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FREN 6587 - Francophone Lit of Maghreb      

(Section A – Methodology ; Section B – Literature)

From its genesis in the nineteenth century, francophone literature of North Africa has not ceased to inspire controversy. Supplanting an existing cultural and linguistic foundation, it found its rightful place through the cultural imagery of the three Maghrebian countries, Morocco, Algeria and Tunisia. Initially conceived as a form vehiculaire (idiom of communication), over time the written works of the Maghreb evolved into a vernaculaire (idiom of expression). Before constituting a full-fledged literary domain, pedagogical materials written in French by teachers who were natives of the Maghreb appeared in the form of reviews, such as Soleil and Simoun. Unfairly dismissed by critics as “mimetic”, this generation nevertheless would become pioneers in a discourse of protest, paving the way for more substantial works by the writers who would follow. This course will use a comparative format to address francophone literature in terms of its variety of expression and its diversity of production. We will seek understanding by referring both to French literature and to the theoretical prisms which permit an analytical approach to the texts. The literature of the Maghreb lays claim to its specificity by forming an autonomous domain of creation and study. We will attempt to define the sociological and anthropological stakes which are at play in each text. We will also examine from a literary perspective the significant 'shake-ups' of these societies and their treatment, such as independence, linguistic and democratic questions, and, finally individual liberty, notably that of the woman. We will also examine the panorama of the literature of immigration, also referred to as “Beurre”. Lastly, we will evoke the works of two major writers whose perspectives undoubtedly entail a process which is at once transnational and universal. It consists of moving beyond the close borders of francophonie in order to propose a new method of examining the new horizons of a 'francopolyphonique' style.

N.B Students who choose section A can validate their credits in methodology (equivalent to 6525)*.

Literature Pedagogy

Summer 2011, Summer 2012, Summer 2013, Summer 2014 Language Schools

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