Middlebury Language School Graduate Programs

 

N.B. Course descriptions and required texts are subject to change.

Courses

Courses offered in the past four years.
indicates offered in the current term
indicates offered in the upcoming term[s]

GRMN 6601 - Adv Language Practice      

This course will focus on various forms of academic writing, including the specific use of vocabulary, style and grammar. Students will have the opportunity to practice writing summaries of texts, presentations and discussions. Additionally, proper quoting and commenting as well as structuring a text – such as a course or term paper – will be discussed and practised. Finally, students will be given the opportunity to write their own papers, reports and comments.

Required text: Rug &Tomaszewski: Grammatik mit Sinn und Verstand (Klett).

Language & Stylistics

Summer 2011, Summer 2012, Summer 2013, Summer 2014 Language Schools

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GRMN 6610 - Intro Literary Analysis      

An Introduction to Literary Analysis (“Schreibprozesse”)

This course combines creative writing in German with literary theory. It is designed to develop aesthetic sensibilities by looking at sample literary texts and the methods they use to create their effects. While literary forms are too multifaceted to be reproduced according to a formula, there are nevertheless some techniques and forms of writing that can be garnered from exemplary literary texts and practiced in one’s own creative writing. What do metaphors, allegories, poems, stories, or dramatic scenes of others ‘feel’ like if they are read or if they are written by oneself? How is day-to-day story telling transformed into ‘literary’ story telling? What makes images into a poem, or a text into a film?
We will work on forms of metaphor and explore theories of metaphor and the creation of metaphors, then turn them into practice by writing examples ourselves. We will explore modern allegories by analyzing poems by H.M. Enzensberger and Sarah Kirsch, the sound and tonal qualities of poems by looking at Hugo Ball or Ernst Jandl. We will write examples of both ourselves as a kind of practice. We will also look into the use of paintings as models for literary texts. We will compare quotidian narration and literary narration by looking at examples by Kafka and Bachmann. In all these instances, we will write short examples of the poetic forms and narratives that we have studied and discussed. Finally, we will also consider how to move from a novel to the film version of the novel (Döblin’s ‘Berlin Alexanderplatz’).

A reader will be made available.

Literature

Summer 2011, Summer 2012, Summer 2013, Summer 2014 Language Schools

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GRMN 6612 - 19 & 20C German History      

"Einigkeit und Recht und Freiheit": German History of the 19th & 20th century*

This course will focus on developing an understanding of the most siginificant contexts, developments, continuities and discontinuities of German history during the nineteenth and twentieth century. „Einigkeit und Recht und Freiheit“ – the beginning of the German national anthem’s third stanza – will be the starting point of the discussion and German history will be analyzed against this background. What did unity, justice and freedom signify during the two centuries under the ever changing rules of government and during a time when modernity changed the lives of most people dramatially and fundamentally? Which hopes, anxieties and infractions were and are assoicated with these terms and their application and interpretation for German life in the areas of state, society, culture and economy? Finally,the course will investigate if the triad „Einigkeit und Recht und Freiheit“ is actually a suitable formula to define German history since the 19th century.

Area Studies

Summer 2012

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GRMN 6613 - Literary Berlin in Golden 20s      

Between Glamour and Gutter - Literary Berlin in the Golden Twenties

Within only a few years Berlin advanced to the “literary capital” of Germany during the Weimar Republic (1918-1933). Thereby the modern city was not only a production place for writers of a great variety of genres. Rather novelists and poets, dramatists and feuilletonists focused on municipal subjects in their works. In the course we’re going to analyse novels like “Berlin Alexanderplatz” from Alfred Döblin, “Das kunstseidene Mädchen” from Irmgard Keun and “Fabian” from Erich Kästner as well as of poems from Bertolt Brecht, Gottfried Benn or Georg Trakl and essayistic texts like Franz Hessels “Spazieren in Berlin” or Bernard von Brentanos “Wo in Europa liegt Berlin?” We will have to question, how the authors react to the rapidly changing living conditions in the million-strong metropolis and in which way the literary and essayistic texts mirror the multifaceted social-cultural realities of the so called Golden Twenties – a time, in which enormous social ills prevailed just below a shimmering surface and life was oscillating between glamour and gutter.

Required texts: Döblin: Berlin Alexanderplatz (Fischer); Hessel: Spazieren in Berlin (Berlin Verlag Taschenbuch (2012)); Kästner: Fabian (dtv); Keun: Das kunstseidene Mädchen (List).

Literature

Summer 2014 Language Schools

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GRMN 6614 - Albrecht Dürer and his Time      

There are few moments in the history of art in Germany which are as important as the years between 1470 and 1540. These years mark an interface between a refined late Gothic sculpture, painting, architecture on the one hand and the Italian Renaissance style on the other hand. Germany's most famous Renaissance painter and his city, Nuremberg, embody this time and this epochal change in rather unique ways. This time of change not only caused new forms of artistic expression to develop, but also new artistic themes and content. The country went through dramatic changes in language, politics, philosophy and religion, and this change is reflected in the work of Albrecht Dürer. Dürer and his contemporaries in the arts and humanities will be presented in this seminar, but also other important key figures of the years around 1500 A.D.

Required texts: Norbert Wolff: Dürer (Taschen); other materials.

Area Studies

Summer 2013

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GRMN 6615 - Thomas Mann:The Magic Mountain      

Thomas Mann: The Magic Mountain

Thomas Mann’s novel „Der Zauberberg“ is one of the most influential works of 20th century German literature. The story of the young Hamburgian engineer Hans Castorp, who unexpectedly spends seven years in a lung-sanatorium in Davos, high up in the Swiss Alps, presents a panoramic view of pre-war European civilisation. The novel is as well a fascinating ironic narration as a deep philosophical reflection about themes like „time“, „death“, „reason and sexual desire“, „modernity and political radicalism“. The course will be dedicated to an accurate interpretation both of the intellectual contents and the aesthetic form of Mann’s novel. (1 unit)

Required Text Mann, Der Zauberberg (Fischer)

Literature

Summer 2011

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GRMN 6623 - Beyond Headlines:GRMN Print      

Beyond the Headlines: The German print media landscape

This course explores the German print media landscape between yellow press and feuilleton. We will discuss the different types of textes like reportage, commentary or portrait. We analyse texts, write our own articles, and meet German speaking people in Middlebury for interviews and reportages. We learn how to edit, to text headlines and captions. Twice a week we’ll develop in editorial staff meetings our own magazine „Quasi Nr. 2“, which will be designed by a professional Art Director in Berlin.

Required text: Walther von La Roche: Einführung in den praktischen Journalismus (19th ed.) (Econ Verlag 2013).

Language & Stylistics

Summer 2012, Summer 2013

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GRMN 6628 - German Artists after 1960      

Here and Now? 20 Post-War Positions in Germany after 1960

After World War II, after dictatorship and deep provincialism, an internationalization of the German art scene began. Art in the West developed close ties to France and the USA, whereas in the East first of all the doctrine of socialist realism seems to have prevailed. Apart from international attention German Art also obtained considerable economic success.
Artists such as Richter or Kiefer appear in all major international collections. On the other hand there are now and then constant specifically German topics: world war II, guilt, the Holocaust, German myths – German art seems to present a dance on a tightrope between cosmopolitanism and questions of identity.
The course will follow the chronology of events, presenting the following 20 individual artists, but we also will try to discuss the question whether there could or should be such a thing as typically German or National Art at all.
Georg Baselitz
Bernd und Hilla Becher
Joseph Beuys
Carl Otto Götz
Andreas Gursky
Johannes Grützke
Hans Haacke
Rebecca Horn
Jörg Immendorf
Anselm Kiefer
Kippenberger
Markus Lüpertz
Jonathan Meese
Sigmar Polke
Neo Rauch
Gerhard Richter
Salome
Thomas Schütte
Werner Tübke
Wolf Vostell

Required text: Thomas: Kunst in Deutschland seit 1945 (Dumont Verlag, Köln 2004).

Area Studies

Summer 2014 Language Schools

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GRMN 6629 - The Other Germans      

The other Germans: Postwar society and its unwanted refugees from the East

3-week course, first summer session

The course provides an insight into postwar German history, culture and literature. It focuses on the arrival of millions of German refugees from the East and how radically they changed Germany after 1945. (1 unit)

Required Texts: Kossert, Kalte Heimat. Die Geschichte der der deutschen Vertriebenen nach 1945 (Pantheon); Elliger, Und tief in der Seele das Ferne. Die Geschichte einer Vertreibung aus Schlesien (rororo); Hein, Landnahme. Roman (Suhrkamp).

Area Studies

Summer 2011

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GRMN 6640 - The Art of Writing      

The Art of Writing

3-week course from July 11 – July 29

Precise perception is perhaps the most important factor for a text’s success. This course will train our perception and attention to detail and will make us aware of our own talent and style in the area of (creative) writing. We will work with classic texts of different genres in order to analyze how these texts are “constructed” (perspective, choice of motifs, sound, etc.). Our observations in this area will inspire our own individual writing. Participants will learn the basics for composing reports (interview and investigation techniques, organization of material, etc.), portraits/characterizations (what characterizes a person?), and travel writings/travelogues (portrayal of landscapes and spaces). Based on this realistic and concrete foundation, we will be able to delve into creative and fictional prose. (1 unit)

Language & Stylistics

Summer 2011

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GRMN 6646 - Celan & Bachmann      

Paul Celan - Ingeborg Bachmann

Celan and Bachmann are two of the most important authors of the second half of the 20th century. Almost exact contemporaries, they made significant contributions to the development of the literature of the Federal Republic, and their longstanding personal relationship can at least partially explain the aesthetic similarities between their works.

The goal of the seminar is to gain familiarity with the two authors’ works, by means of intensive close readings, as well as with their theoretical writings. Selections of Celan’s poetry, from Der Sand aus den Urnen to Schneepart will be discussed along with poems from Bachmann’s poetry collections Die gestundete Zeit and Anrufung des Grossen Bären, her short prose fiction (e.g., Simultan), and the novel Malina. Selections from their respective theoretical works (Bachmann’s Frankfurter Vorlesungen and Celan’s speeches upon accepting the Bremen and Büchner literary prizes) will also be considered. Letters and films will shed light on the biographical background and illustrate relationships to other writers. The course will, then, not only study the works of the two authors, but also offer new insights into their position in German literature of the 20th century.

Required texts: Paul Celan: Ausgewählte Gedichte / Zwei Reden. Nachwort Beda Allemann. Suhrkamp Verlag, Berlin; Ingeborg Bachmann: Gedichte, Erzählungen, Hörspiel, Essays. Pieper Verlag, München; Wolfgang Emmerich: Paul Celan (rororo Monographien), Rowohlt Verlag; Hans Höller: Ingeborg Bachmann (rororo Monographien), Rowohlt Verlag.

Literature

Summer 2012

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GRMN 6647 - German Art & Culture 1905-1945      

Modernity and Anti-Modernity in German Art and Culture: 1905-1945

Avantgarde movements arrived late in German art, but after 1905 the country saw an explosion of an avantgarde which was closely linked to international movements such as fauvism and cubism. Until 1933 the country lived a particularly radical art manifesting itself especially in the Brücke group in Dresden and Berlin, the Blaue Reiter group in Munich, the Bauhaus academy and the realistic tendencies of the 1920s. All of this was interrupted when the national socialists seized power in 1933. They prosecuted and forbid most forms of contemporary art. Nevertheless there are certain continuities before and after 1933. Looking at the works of art and certain key texts we are going to explore the explosion of the modernity and its destruction until 1945, a key period in German art, which still affects our aesthetic way of thinking in Germany until today. (1 unit)

Required texts: A coursepack will be made available.

Area Studies

Summer 2011

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GRMN 6649 - Politics & Society in Germany      

Politics and Society in German

3-week course, second summer session

The course offers a survey of the German political system, with an emphasis on some of its peculiar, unique features and institutions. To enable participants to get a deeper understanding of their practical relevance and real-life consequences, we will look at them from three perspectives: (1) we will compare them with their counterparts in the US system, (2) we will discuss their rationale (historical, cultural, ideological ...), and (3) we will consider the relationship between social forces and politics in Germany, among other things by way of analyzing some recent public debates about political issues and scandals in Germany.
You will thus acquire systematic factual knowledge about the German political and social system, including some of its less obvious, but nonetheless important elements. In addition, you will learn to understand why the German system and the German political culture are so different from those in the US, and why many Germans tend to think that this is a desirable difference. And last, but not least, you will acquire, or deepen your knowledge of, the German vocabulary and way of speaking about political and social issues, including idiomatic peculiarities. (1 unit)

Required Texts: Manfred G. Schmidt, "Das politische System Deutschlands", 2nd ed. Munich: C. H. Beck 2011 (1st ed. 2007)

Area Studies

Summer 2011

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GRMN 6650 - The Other Germany:Hist of GDR      

The Other Germany: A History of the GDR

In the aftermath of 1945, Germany was divided. This course provides an insight into the political and social history of the Soviet Occupied Zone and later GDR. “The first anti-fascist state in Germany” saw forty years of hope, disillusion, oppression and failure. In 1989, a system collapsed with its people being confronted with tremendous challenges. This course will look at the GDR’s past in national and international politics as well as the social and mental reality of ordinary people who since 1961 found themselves “fenced off” by the regime. We will look at former East German society and their everyday lives between conformity and opposition, between shortage and privilege.

A reader will be made available.

Area Studies

Summer 2013

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GRMN 6652 - Berlin-Cult Metro: 1900-2000      

Berlin – A Cultural Metropolis: 1900-2000

Twenty years after the wall fell, Berlin is unexpectedly on its way to becoming one of Europe’s most popular major cities. To be sure, the current hype surrounding Berlin is not based on a mature urban mythology, as is the case with Rome, London, or Paris; the city’s changes in identity were too rapid for that to be the case: “royal capital” and “capital of the Reich,” “city with four sectors,” divided city, “state in the Federal Republic” and “capital of the GDR” as well as—after extensive debate—“capital of the Federal Republic.”

The course explores selected chapters from different periods and areas of Berlin’s cultural history such as Berlin expressionism; die Goldenen Zwanziger Jahre; clubs, cabarets and revues; Berlin as Cinematic center of Germany; Jewish Life in Berlin; Literatur Cafés; Berlin during the 3rd Reich; art districts (Prenzlauer Berg and Kreuzberg); the building and fall of the wall; and the cultural profile of present-day Berlin. In addition to literary texts, examples are drawn from the fine arts, music and film.

A reader will be made available.

Area Studies

Summer 2013

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GRMN 6661 - The River Rhine      

The River Rhine – Biography of a River in Historical Perspective

The river Rhine counts among Europe’s most famous rivers - it has been called „Nile of the Occident“ and „Heart of Germany“. Carl Zuckmeyer, German writer and emigrant who escaped from National Socialism to Vermont, referred to the river even as „große Völkermühle“ (a “blender of nations”) and „Kelter Europas“ (“Europe’s wine press”). But what is this river’s enigma, which seems to nourish so many myths? And: can a river actually „write“ history?
This course will explore exactly this question. We will try to unlock the river’s biography since the 19th century against its transnational and multifaceted historical background. On the one hand we will investigate the river’s problematic history in the realm of politics, environment, traffic/infrastructure and economy. On the other hand we will look at its cultural history and what the river means and has meant on a more abstract level. There are numerous relicts (i.e. Loreley, the Rhine as a romantic icon) which are associated with the dreams and longings of people who came in contact with the river. What role has the Rhine played over the past two centuries in the formation of a peoples’ soul and place of memory („Erinnerungsort“), and in that sense how important has the river been in the self-definition of a people, especially Germans? And finally, what is the Rhine’s current role within Europe?

Area Studies

Summer 2013

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GRMN 6662 - Cultural History East Prussia      

Prussia from the Margins: A Cultural History of East Prussia
3-week course, 1st session, July 5 - July 26

This course provides an insight into the fascinating cultural legacy of the “Atlantis of the North”: East Prussia. Immanuel Kant, Käthe Kollwitz, Siegfried Lenz, Hannah Arendt: They represent the former easternmost Prussian and later German province’s multi-ethnic traditions. In the late 19th century, East Prussia was in the focus of nationalist claims and debates. East Prussia represents an ideal case study for the gradual demise of a diverse culture being overturned by nationalism and racism. In 1945, at the end of the Nazi years, East Prussia finally disappeared from the geographical map. This course will look at East Prussia’s past in culture, literature and ethnic traditions and what to what extent the region still matters for Germans, Poles, Lithuanians and Russians alike.

Required Text: Lenz, Siegfried: Heimatmuseum. München 2006 (dtv)
Kossert, Andreas: Ostpreußen. Geschichte und Mythos. München 2007 (pantheon) Lipscher, Winfried/Kazimierz Brakoniecki (Hgg.): Meiner Heimat Gesicht. München 1996. [alternatively:Zweite Ausgabe: Ostpreußen im Spiegel der Menschen und Landschaft. Meiner Heimat Gesicht. Augsburg (?) 2000 (Weltbild)] Manthey, Jürgen: Königsberg. Geschichte einer Weltbürgerrepublik. München 2006 (dtv)

Additionally, a reader will be made available.

Area Studies

Summer 2012

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GRMN 6663 - Artists in 19C &20C Narratives      

Between Illness and Genius: Artists in Nineteenth and Twentieth Century Narratives

Writers, poets, musicians and painters, but also clowns and circus acrobats have been the protagonists of novellas since Romanticism. As brilliant individuals they are often simultaneously the chosen ones and the outsiders. They are torn between sacrificing themselves for art and the battle for an audience appreciative of their art. Self-doubt and social isolation, melancholy and delusions of grandeur, visions of renewal and redemption are associated with the character of the modern artist. The dimensions and the interpretations of this conflict between artist and society will be followed and analyzed in selected novellas from Romanticism to the present. At the same time, we will gain valuable insight into nineteenth and twentieth century literary history.

Required texts: Wackenroder/Tieck: Herzensergießungen eines kunstliebenden Klosterbruders (Reclam); Georg Büchner: Lenz.Studienausgabe mit Quellenanhang und Nachwort (Reclam); Franz Kafka: Ein Landarzt und andere Prosa (Reclam); Thomas Mann: Der Tod in Venedig und andere Erzählungen (Fischer Verlag).

Literature

Summer 2013

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GRMN 6668 - German Lit from 1945-1968      

"Gruppe 47" in Context: German Literature from 1945-1968

The "Gruppe 47" was the most important and most powerful literary association in western Germany after World War II. During 20 years (1947 – 1967) its founder and organiser Hans Werner Richter invited writers to meetings, where unpublished texts were read and afterwards discussed by an audience of colleagues and literary critics. In our course we’ll study the works of some of the best-known members (like Günter Eich, Heinrich Böll, Ingeborg Bachmann, Ilse Aichinger, Martin Walser, Günter Grass, Hans Magnus Enzensberger, Peter Weiss, Peter Bichsel) and try to reflect the mechanisms of the literary scene, the „business of literature“. The course will also give a survey of German cultural history in this period. (1 unit)

Required Texts: Grass, Das Treffen in Telgte (dtv); Walser, Ehen in Philippsburg (Suhrkamp); Weiss, Die Verfolgung und Ermordung des Jean Paul Marat (Suhrkamp)

Literature

Summer 2011

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GRMN 6674 - Literary Kiss Middle Age-Prsnt      

"Literarische Kuesse": Literary Kiss Constellations from the Middle Ages to the Present*

"You kiss by the book", says Juliet to Romeo in Shakespeare's tragedy. What is the relationship between kisses and books? We will explore this controversial and delicate subject and discuss striking examples from the German Middle Ages to the present.
Comparing literary kisses of crucial importance and throwing light on their historical difference we will scrutinize the sublime phenomenon of kisses to gain insight into the literary and cultural history of gender, focussing first on medieval and baroque literary kisses, followed by examples from 1800 up to contemporary writing.

A reader will be provided

Literature

Summer 2012

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GRMN 6680 - German Romanticism      

German Romanticism

The Kunstmärchen is used as an introduction into the literature and culture of the German Romantik. Compared to the Volksmärchen, the Kunstmärchen is characterized by self-reflection and a utopian perspective, and it contains essential elements of romantic fiction. In addition to the analysis of the texts, central concepts and topics of romanticism are explored such as: Romantic irony, Universalpoesie, magic, nature symbolism, the Doppelgänger motif, and the role of madness and dream. The discussion includes poetry, short theoretical essays as well as examples from painting and music. (1 unit)

Required texts: Gerhard Kaiser, Literarische Romantik , 2010 (Vandenhoek & Ruprecht); Ludwig Tieck, Der blonde Eckbert. Der Runenberg (Reclam, UB 7732); E.T.A. Hoffmann, Der goldene Topf (Reclam, UB 101); Friedrich de la Motte Fouqué, Undine(Reclam,UB 492); Adelbert von Chamisso, Peter Schlehmihls wundersame Geschichte (Reclam, UB 93)

Literature

Summer 2011

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GRMN 6681 - Seminar: Faust      

Goethes Faust: text – interpretation - reception

Goethes Faust is considered to be a pivotal work of German literature. For about 200 years it has remained in the public consciousness and maintained in the public an amazing vigor and actuality. The major focus of this seminar about Faust I is a careful analysis of the text which will consider structure, style, language as well as aspects of versification and dramaturgy. Origin and sources will be discussed as well biographical and historical background and the place of the drama in Goethes Gesamtwerk. Film versions of famous Faust productions will be compared, and different critical responses to Faust will be explored as well as the “modernity” of the play.

Required texts: Johann Wolfgang von Goethe: Faust: Der Tragödie Erster Teil (Reclam Nr.1.); Ulrich Gaier: Kommentar zu Goethes Faust (Reclam Nr. 8183)

Literature

Summer 2014 Language Schools

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GRMN 6683 - Postwall Poetics      

Postwall Poetics: Corpora, Communcation, Media

In this course we explore German literature from the Wendezeit to the 21st century, focusing on a number of texts that can be defined as ‘body literature’. Rather than directly addressing the fall of the Berlin Wall, these texts employ a transgressive poetics. In themes of love, desire and death they tear down the walls between physical bodies and between literary bodies, thus opening up communication between texts, individuals, and nations. Topics include: the body, anatomy, vampirism, virtual reality, intertextuality, transmediality, transnationalism.

Required texts: Tawada: Das nackte Auge (Konkursbuch Verlag); Stein: Replay (C. H. Beck); Beyer: Das Menschenfleisch (Suhrkamp); Grünbein: Schädelbasislektion (Suhrkamp); Hettche: Nox (Suhrkamp); Braun: Die deutsche Gegenwartsliteratur (UTB).

Literature

Summer 2014 Language Schools

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GRMN 6690 - Teaching Grmn Foreign Language      

Methods of Teaching German as a Foreign Language

3-week course, first summer session

This course analyses and discusses various approaches to, and principles of teaching German language, culture and literary texts. Particular emphasis will be given to the following issues: self-perspective of teachers and learners, learning strategies, ethnographic projects, classroom interaction, literacy development, and the student as an active participant. The discussion will be accompanied by activities and projects that can be implemented directly in the language classroom.
(1 unit)

Required text: Koeppel, Deutsch als Fremdsprache – Spracherwerblich reflektierte Unterrichtspraxis (Schneider Verlag, Hohengehren, 2010); other material will be made available.

Pedagogy

Summer 2011

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GRMN 6691 - Teaching Landeskunde      

Methods of Teaching "Landeskunde"
3-week course, 2nd session, July 26-August 16

This course analyses and discusses various approaches to, and principles of teaching German language, culture and literary texts. Particular emphasis will be given to the following issues: self-perspective of teachers and learners, learning strategies, ethnographic projects, classroom interaction, literacy development, and the student as an active participant. The discussion will be accompanied by activities and projects that can be implemented directly in the language classroom.

Required texts: Landeskunde Deutschland 2012, Renate Luscher.

Pedagogy

Summer 2012

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GRMN 6695 - 19-20C German Painting      

From Romanticism to Expressionism - German Painting between Depitction of Nature and Abstraction

The liberation of the artists subject from any regulating force within German expressionism has romantic origins. While the great romantic Caspar David Friedrich was oriented to the natural model in his landscape paintings, creative fantasy also played a major role in his compositions. In this respect, we can draw a bow from Friedrichs romanticism to the realism of Adolph Menzel, the Impressionism of Max Liebermann, Max Slevogt and Lovis Corinth and the unrestricted subjectivity in works of Expressionists like Ernst Ludwig Kirchner and the artists group “Die Brücke” or Wassily Kandisky and “Der blaue Reiter”. On the basis of a profound discussion of theoretical texts an integral part of the seminar will be the close analysis of composition and style of selected and representative works which show the artists balancing act between depiction of nature and abstraction in the course of the whole 19th century until the early 20th century. On behalf of this, the red thread should be carved out, which runs from german romantic painting to famous classical modern works.

Required text: Uerlings: Theorie der Romantik (Reclam).

Area Studies

Summer 2014 Language Schools

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GRMN 6901 - Research Paper      

Summer 2011, Summer 2012, Summer 2013

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