Russell Leng taught full-time at Middlebury for 40 years, before retiring in 2007. He continues to teach an advanced seminar each spring term at Middlebury, and during the January term at the Monterey Institute of International Studies.Professor Leng completed his Ph.D. at American University, and his B.A. at Middlebury. He did post-graduate work at the University of Michigan, where he became involved in career-long research associated with the Correlates of War project.
Leng’s research on the Behavioral Correlates of War includes two books, Bargaining and Learning in Recurring Crises: The Soviet-American, Egyptian-Israeli, and Indo-Pakistani Rivalries, U. of Michigan Press, 2000, and Interstate Crisis Behavior, 1816-1980: Realism vs. Reciprocity, Cambridge University Press, 1993 as well as many articles in professional journals. He continues to do research on international conflict behavior, with a current focus on the use of negotiation in militarized disputes.
Adversaries and Allies: Diplomacy in World War II and the Vietnam War
We will examine the diplomacy before and during America's two most traumatic 20th Century wars. We will begin with the diplomatic origins of World War II in Europe, followed by the failed diplomacy between the United States and Japan. Then we will consider negotiations among the Western allied leaders: Roosevelt, Churchill, and Stalin. The final half of the course will cover America's engagement in and escalation of the Vietnam War, and then move to Kissinger's secret negotiations with North Vietnam, as well as the troubled relationship between the U.S. and South Vietnam.
Negotiations that Transformed the 20th Century
Students will explore the historical context, actions of participants, and global consequences of six transformative 20th century negotiations: (1) WWI Versailles Peace Conference, 1919, (2) Munich accord, 1938, (3) U.S.-Japan pre-Pearl Harbor negotiations, 1941, (4) Cuban Missile Crisis, 1962, (5) Vietnam War negotiations, 1969-73, and (6) the Egypt-Israel Camp David Accord, 1978. Besides their historical significance, the six cases provide informative examples of different types of diplomacy: multilateral negotiation, appeasement vs. deterrence, cross-cultural communication, bargaining in a nuclear crisis, inter-ally negotiations, and high-level mediation. We will read historical accounts and participant memoirs, and listen to recordings of participant discussions.
Bargaining and Learning in Recurring Crises: The Soviet-American, Egyptian-Israeli, and Indo-Pakistani Rivalries, Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan Press 2000.
“Cumulation in Q.I.P.: 25 Years After Ojai,” Conflict Management and Peace Science, 17 (Fall, 1999): 133-147
“Reducing Intergang Violence: Norms from the Interstate System,” Peace and Change, 24 (October, 1999): 476-504l