Paula Schwartz

Paula Schwartz holds an A.B., from Duke University; an M.A. from Columbia University, and a Ph.D. from the Institute of French Studies, New York University.

Her teaching and research interests include twentieth-century France, French civilization and history, World War Two, the French Resistance, gender studies, and food and culture studies.

See below for a list of some of her recent publications.




Course List: 

Courses offered in the past four years.
indicates offered in the current term
indicates offered in the upcoming term[s]

FREN 0205 - Toward Liberated Expression      

Toward Liberated Expression
A course designed to increase and perfect the ability to express oneself in spoken and written French. Emphasis on precision, variety, and vocabulary acquisition. Sections limited to 15 students. (FREN 0201, 0203 or placement) This requirement for the major and the minor may be satisfied by placement at a higher level. 3 hrs. lect./disc. LNG

Fall 2018, Fall 2019

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FREN 0230 - Introduction to Contemp France      

Introduction to Contemporary France
In this interdisciplinary course we will examine the evolving social and political landscape of France in the 21st century. How is French society reconciling contemporary challenges with deeply entrenched institutions and values? How does everyday life reflect the evolution of long-term trends? How are immigration, growing inequalities, and membership in the European Union challenging French identity and the notion of “Frenchness”? We will focus our attention on demography and the family, the educational system, politics, and the French social model or welfare state. Emphasis will be on oral expression and the acquisition of specialized vocabulary. Sources will include articles from the French and American press, documents, and film. This course is recommended for all students planning to study in France. (FREN 0209, 0210 or placement); open to first-semester first-year students with permission.) EUR LNG SOC

Fall 2018, Fall 2019

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FREN 0346 - Food And Culture      

"I eat - therefore I am", Food and Culture in France
What's in a meal? Historians and anthropologists have long shown food and eating practices to be a function of culture. In France in particular, food and cuisine are fundamental elements of national heritage and cultural identity. What does the organization of the eating ritual say about the French? What do food and eating have to do with class and gender, time and space? How are eating and drinking unique forms of political expression? Works from a range of interdisciplinary perspectives will inform our study of French society through its singular approach to the culture of the table. Readings will include works by Brillat-Savarin, Barthes, Zola, and others. (FREN 0221 or FREN 0230 or by waiver). 3 hrs. lect./disc. EUR LNG SOC

Spring 2019

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FREN 0359 - Resistance & Memory      

Resistance and Memory: France in the Second World War
The Second World War has cast a long shadow over France's postwar history and politics. Contemporary events are still refracted through the prism of a past that, as one historian has noted, never seems to go away. We will focus on a critical aspect of that past, the French Resistance, a politically and socially diverse underground movement that took root in a divided nation under the collaborationist Vichy regime and German occupation. What forms did refusal take, how did resistance function, and what motivated resisters to risk their lives? We will examine the myths, realities, and legacy of the Resistance through original documents and period artifacts, memoirs and testimony, film and fiction, and seminal works of postwar historiography. (FREN 0220-0230 or by waiver) 3 hrs. lect/disc. EUR LNG SOC

Spring 2020

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FREN 0500 - Independent Projects      

Independent Project
Qualified students may be permitted to undertake a special project in reading and research under the direction of a member of the department. Students should seek an advisor and submit a proposal to the department well in advance of registration for the term in which the work is to be undertaken. (Approval required)

Fall 2018, Winter 2019, Spring 2019, Fall 2019, Winter 2020, Spring 2020, Winter 2021

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FREN 0700 - Senior Honors Essay      

Senior Honors Essay
(Approval required).

Fall 2018, Winter 2019, Spring 2019, Fall 2019, Winter 2020, Spring 2020, Winter 2021

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FREN 0701 - Senior Honors Thesis      

Senior Honors Thesis
Qualified senior majors who wish to be considered for Honors in French must submit a proposal well in advance of registration for the term in which the work is to be undertaken. (Approval required; see requirements above.)

Fall 2018, Winter 2019, Spring 2019, Fall 2019, Winter 2020, Spring 2020, Winter 2021

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Recent Publications

"Occuper les occupants: Maedelarbeit ou le 'travail de jeunes filles'," in Amours, guerres et sexualité, 1914-1945,Musée de la Bibliothèque de Documentation Internationale Contemporaine-Musée de l'Armée, Gallimard, 2007.

" 'On vit mal': Food Shortages and Popular Culture in Occupied France, 1940-44," Food, Culture & Society 10:2, summer 2007: 262-295 (with Kenneth Mouré, coauthor).

"Partisanes and Gender Politics in Vichy France," French Historical Studies 16:1, Spring 1989. Reprinted in: The Home Fronts, International Library of Essays in Military History, volume IV, Ashgate Press, 2007; The Second World War, International Library of Essays in Military History, Ashgate Press, 2006; The World War Two Reader, Routledge, 2004.
SEE ALSO : « Les Partisanes et la politique du genre dans la France de Vichy, » in France Bloch et Frédo Sérazin : Un couple en Résistance [dossier pédagogique, CD, DVD], Sérén-CRDP, Paris, Poitiers, 2009.

"Resistance et différence des sexes: bilan et perspectives," Mechtild Gilzmer et al., eds., Les femmes dans la Résistance en France, Tallandier, 2002.

"Women's studies, gender studies: le contexte américain," Vingtième siècle. Revue d'histoire 75, juillet-septembre 2002.


Program in Gender, Sexuality and Feminist Studies

Chellis House Women's Resource Center
56 Hillcrest Road
Middlebury College
Middlebury, VT 05753