Program Director, Export Control Nonproliferation

Robert Shaw
499 Van Buren Street, Rm. 227
(831) 647-6576

Robert Shaw is Program Director for the Export Control and Nonproliferation Program (XNP) at the James Martin Center for Nonproliferation Studies at the Middlebury Institute of International Studies. Mr. Shaw coordinates the Center’s export control-related research and educational activities.

He is also an adjunct professor for the Middlebury Institute, co-teaching a graduate course on strategic trade controls and nonproliferation.

Mr. Shaw has applied his experience in the private sector to research and articles examining the role of industry in global nonproliferation and export control efforts, the challenge of illicit WMD-related procurement networks, and reform of the US export control system. He has been invited to share an industry practitioner’s view at multiple nonproliferation forums, including events organized by the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe, the US Department of State’s Office of Export Control Cooperation, and the University of Georgia’s Center for International Trade and Security.

Courses Taught

Courses offered in the past two years.

  • Current term
  • Upcoming term(s)

Strategic trade controls -- which include export, brokering, transshipment and transit controls, as well as supply chain security issues -- are important tools in international nonproliferation efforts. These controls when used effectively can raise the cost of WMD acquisitions, prolong the time needed for development, and deny proliferant actors easy access to items and technologies necessary for WMD programs.

This seminar will focus on four important issues. One is how states balance between the pursuit of wealth and security. Second is the issue of cooperation among states on nonproliferation-related trade controls in light of a globalized economy. The third is the effectiveness of strategic trade controls as instruments in supporting nonproliferation objectives given the changing nature of technology and the global trade environment. The theoretical debate on these issues continues to revolve around the question of how states initiate, implement, and sustain international cooperation against the competing pressures of trade, domestic politics, and national security. Finally, the course will engage trade control practitioners from government agencies and industry as guest speakers and facilitators in order to fully understand how the issues surrounding strategic trade control impact the trade and security communities in today’s changing world.

Spring 2018 - MIIS, Spring 2019 - MIIS

View in Course Catalog

Areas of Interest

  • Industry compliance and nonproliferation export controls
  • US export control reform
  • National export control systems and international cooperation
  • Private sector/government cooperation in global nonproliferation efforts
  • Illicit WMD-related procurement networks


Research Centers

Academic Degrees

  • MA, International Studies, University of South Carolina
  • BA, Journalism and Foreign Service, Baylor University
  • Certificate in Nonproliferation Studies, MIIS